Friday, February 03, 2006

Aparna Sen's 15 Park Avenue: Schizophrenia and Genius

My faith in Indian cinema was restored last night with Aparna Sen's masterful 15 Park Avenue (2005). The film stars Sen's own daughter, Konkona Sen Sharma, as well as Waheeda Rehman, Shabana Azmi, Shefali Shah and Rahul Bose. A brilliant cast, and they all hold up their ends quite well.

The film is largely in English, with brief turns to Hindi and Bangla where one would expect to see them realistically (i.e., when characters speak to strangers on the streets of Calcutta). After dabbling with a somewhat more commercial style in Mr. and Mrs. Iyer, Sen has returned to her serious art-house roots. (See my earlier mini-review of Yugant [1995]). 15 Park Avenue has sophisticated cosmopolitan people, heavy-duty dialogue, and extended discussions of the symptoms and treatment possibilities for schizophrenia, all of which seem to be pretty much medically up-to-date and accurate. The dialogue in this movie is the closest one gets in the Indian context to the cerebral intellectualism of Ingmar Bergman or Woody Allen's early films, and I for one couldn't be happier.

I was actually a little hesitant going into this, partly because there have been many mainstream Indian films focusing on mental illness in one way or another in recent years -- all of which I've hated. Probably the biggest of those was Amitabh Bachchan and Rani Mukherjee's Black last year, but one also thinks of the Salman Khan and Kareena Kapoor in Kyon Ki?, where Salman Khan's illness bears no resemblance to any realistic mental illness I've ever seen; Ajay Devgan in Mein Aisa Hi Hoon, which deals with autism, pretty accurately; and Hrithik Roshan in Koi... Mil Gaya, where Hrithik has a developmental disorder about which almost nothing is known, except perhaps that it's "cute." And there are many, many others, most of which I haven't personally seen (an article by Sudha Rai at the Society for Critical Exchange has a theoretical take on a number of these films). Most of these films play up mental illness for pathos, trying very hard to make their protagonists earn the audience's sympathy. And nearly all of them end up being unserious, because they are bound by a set of conventions (really just clichés) for how to deal with mental illness: all very predictable and safe.

Though there is some sentimental attachment to Konkona Sen Sharma's schizophrenic young woman in 15 Park Avenue, Sen's film breaks most of those conventions. Among other things, the film takes quite seriously the difficulties seriously ill people can trigger for their families -- not a small thing. And the personal dangers Sharma's character confronts (rape) as well as the real damage she causes makes this film anything but safe. This film doesn't aim to pander or tell a heartwarming tale where a person who is "different" gains a measure of social acceptance. Rather, both Konkona Sharma's and Shabana Azmi's characters are doing their best just to survive.

In an interview, Sen has said that this film's story is based on someone close to her and her family. I believe it; there is an unflagging realism and commitment to its subject in 15 Park Avenue that just about everything else I've been seeing lately has lacked.

UPDATE: I just came across Uma's fine review of the film at Indian Writing.

* * * *

Incidentally, we saw 15 Park Avenue on BW Cinema, a pay service that allows you to stream (not download) a pretty wide range of Indian films for $3.99 (for 3 days) or $9.99 (for a month of unlimited use).
It worked surprisingly well -- the film looked like a 'DVD print', which was watchable on our TV (through an S-Video cord).

But does anyone know if it's truly 100% legal? The company, I gather, is based in Jackson Heights, NY. I hope they are sending the requisite share of revenue to the Indian studios as royalties...


Ruchira Paul said...

Thanks for the review and your take on the pitfalls of sentimentalizing and often, glorifying mental disorder or retardation in movies (which is why I did not much care for Forrest Gump). Sen handled a similar subject (both mental and severe physical handicap) with a fair amount of sophistication in Paramitar Ek Din. That one was wholly Bengali.

4:21 PM  
Vikash Singh said...

Maine Gandhi Ko Nahin Mara which is another brilliant film with a similar idea in mind. I disagree with Mr. Paul above. Glorifying and sentimentalizing (G&S) mental disorders of a person is quite often a tool of a politician not that of a film-maker. I do concede, however, that spotlighting such a character in a film is quite often done to develop other mentally normal characters who have to deal with the mentally incapable character. In such cases the mentally incapable character is not fully developed and turns out to be an animated obstacle for the mentally normal progtagonist(s). Forrest Gump is an exception to this as the mentally incapable character in the film is the one being fully developed.

The G&S you speak of is not a tool of the film-maker, rather your sympathy for the mentally incapable character. In the academia of medicine, many argue that this social sympathy becomes more of an obstacle to families dealing with such situation than the mentally incapable individual itself. I see it more as tool used for realism in films.

i recently wrote a review on Maine Gandhi Ko Nahin Mara on my blog.

6:55 PM  
amba said...

thanks for the review..will try and see 15 park avenue this week

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