"The Gigantic Question"
Washington Irving's History of New York

European powers carve up the New World

"What right had the first discoverers of America to land, and take possession of a country, without asking the consent of its inhabitants, or yielding them an adequate compensation for their territory?"
(Book I, Chap V)

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 studying the literature of justification

A student project in Prof Edward J. Gallagher's "Early American Literature" class
Lehigh University
Spring 1999