Online Resources

Nixon's the One: The Campaign Song that Made History.  (Multimedia CD) The Vic Caesar Orchestra and Chorale.  New York: Music Sales Corp. Cd No. 37.  1996.

Yes, you too can rejoice in Richard Nixon by listening to Vin Caesar's official presidential song from 1968, "Nixon's the One."  The CD contains a recording from a perfomance on May 29th, Phoenix, Arizona.  The CD also contains an instrumental version of the song.  The CD booklet includes a copy of the thank you letter that Nixon would send to Caesar, and the composer comments on the piece and writes a 9-page essay on the "story behind the song."  On the night it was performed, Nixon commented, "By gosh, it's like a revival!" and that is the best way to describe the song that seems to have the spirit and tone of gospel music.

Nixon Tapes: Open to the Public.  January 2, 1997 (transcript). <>

Margaret Warner, John Ehrlichman, Tom Wicker, and Monica Crowley discuss the tapes released in College Park, Maryland in 1997.  The poor quality of the tapes and the regulations that allowed the release of only 6-10 second segments prevent them from providing us with any insight into the presidency argues Crowley, who was Nixon's foreign aide four years before his death.  Ehrlichman discusses Nixon's thoughts on the Pentagon Papers, Watergate, and Vietnam.


List of White House 'Enemies' and Memo Submitted by Dean to the Ervin Committe. In The Facts on File, Watergate and the White House, vol. 1, pages 96-97.  Copyright, Facts on File.  (March 25, 2004)

Copies of the "Opponents List and Political Enemies Project" that John Dean submitted to the Watergate hearing commission.  Dean testified that those on the "Enemies List" were threatened in various ways including being under surveillance.  The site includes several memos that prove that this list was utlized and enforced -- as Dean writes in a memorandum to Lawrence Higby, Haldeman's assistant, "This memorandum addresses the matter of how we can maximize the fact of our incumbency in dealing with persons known to be active in their opposition to our Administration, Stated a bit more bluntly -- how we can use the available federal machinery to screw our political enemies."

Godfrey, Mark.  Illusion and Delusion: The Watergate Decade.  2001 

This site features amazing images from Watergate taken by photographer Mark Godfrey.  The site includes short historical summaries for the wonderful portraits of key figures in the scandal.  One of the most interesting images are of Washington Post reporters Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward watching Nixon announce resignations of top aides on evening of April 30, 1973.  This and other pictures of photographers, microphones, and cameras bombarding witnesses during the hearing also documents the influence of the media age. 

Citrine, Charlie.  Watergate Timeline.
<  RichardMilhous/WatergateTimeline.html>

Extremely thorough timeline of the events leading up to and after the Watergate burglary.

CNN Perspectives Series: Cold War  (Site accessed March 25, 2004)

"To complement CNN's COLD WAR documentary series, CNN Interactive, renowned for its popular news and information Web sites, has created -- the most comprehensive online site ever produced for a television documentary.  Created by a team of more than a dozen editors, writers and producers, the COLD WAR Web site was honored, along with the television series, with a 1998 George Foster Peabody Award. Additionally, the web site was honored with a 1998 Sigma Delta Chi Award in the Online Journalism Non-Deadline Reporting category by the Society of Professional Journalists.  To create this dynamic online record of the COLD WAR series and the events it documents, CNN Interactive editors and producers traveled to Berlin, Budapest, Prague, and Warsaw to compile interactive images of Cold War landmarks.  A separate reporting team journeyed through America's Cold War heartland -- Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, and California -- home to many of the laboratories, test sites, missile silos, and mountain fortresses that helped create and define America's role in the Nuclear Age.  At the same time, COLD WAR web site editors and researchers in Atlanta scoured film libraries, the archives of TIME magazine and the Soviet newspapers Pravda and Izvestia, and a variety of historical resources to construct what is arguably the most thorough and multimedia-intense online record of Cold War history.  Launched in September 1998, the COLD WAR companion site grew to more than 1,000 Web pages by the time the CNN series concluded in April 1999."   The best features of this site is the interactive timeline of the Cold War.

Malcolm Farnsworth began this website for his high-school class, and it grew into a comprehensive resource that has been praised by the New York Times.  The site has transcripts of full-length speeches, streaming video, and choronologies related to the events of the Watergate scandal. 

The Alger Hiss Story

One of the most impressive websites on the net about the Alger Hiss case.  The managing editor Jeff Kisseloff has worked personally with Hiss and is a scholar deeply interested in what he believes was an unjust case against Hiss.  The goals for the site are to serve as "an authoritative portal for access to primary information about Alger Hiss, the Hiss case and the early Cold War years - including new scholarship, newly released official documents from various governments and government agencies, and the archival material, such as trial testimony, court and government records and commentary, collected in many libraries and online repositories," and "to act as the digitized and online counterpart to the Alger Hiss Papers at the Harvard Law School Library.  Acting in tandem with the Harvard collection, this web site will post a complete summary of the charges against Alger Hiss and a comprehensive look at the case for the defense. Again in tandem with Harvard, this web site will present the public life and career of Alger Hiss, both as a lawyer and a government official, evaluating his goals and accomplishments through his own words and those of his contemporaries, along with historical and journalistic studies." 

Revisiting Watergate. 

The Washington Post, the publication at the center of the controversies in the Nixon administration, has created a wonderful web site for scholars containing photographs, audio and video clips, and several biographies and short histories.  An entire section is also devoted to Herblock's famous cartoons from 1946-1995, with comments from the cartoonist an invaluable resource for any Nixon scholar. 

Richard Nixon Video Archive

This site contains several video clips from Richard Nixon's television appearances. 

"I am not a crook:"  Herblock's History, Political Cartoons from the Crash to the Millenium 

Political cartoons by Herb Block, featuring Richard Nixon placed in  proper context, with the opportunity for reprints. 

Oliphant's Anthem.
< political cartoons>

Pat Oliphant's Richard Nixon cartoons.

Reflections on the Vietnam War: Presidential Decisions and Public Dissent Conversation with Daniel Ellsberg

This interview is part of the Institute's "Conversations with History" series and is a thoughtful conversation with Daniel Ellsberg on topics ranging from Vietnam and the Pentagon Papers to Richard Nixon's legacy. 

The Pentagon Papers and Their Continuing Significance

A web site that commemorates "the thirtieth anniversary of the publication of the Pentagon Papers, [at the] VVA's one-day symposium at the National Press Club [which featured] some of the leading actors in the Pentagon Papers drama." 

The Nixon Era Times:  Official publication of the Nixon Era Center at Mountain State University. 
(Site accessed March 25, 2004)

An interesting web site (and research center) whose goals are to study recent history through the lens of Nixon's politics and to study all recent developments in the Nixon case.  The site contains a PDF copy of Joan Hoff's book Nixon Reconsidered  and the "Research Collection on the Nixon Presidency" holds more than 130 boxes of audiotapes, videotapes, transcripts, correspondence, and clipping files, many of which are available through the site.

Miscellaneous:  Websites featuring campaign memorabilia, photographs, and Nixon's Place in Popular Culture

Places of Historical Interest

The Richard Nixon Library and Birthplace Foundation:

Professor Gallagher and Professor Ian Duffy of the College Scholar program provided funding for a trip to the Richard Nixon Birthplace Foundation, a must-see research facility and memorial for any Nixon scholar.  The Library has been in the news because of recent decisions from the NARA to allows the organization to house documents previously held in the NARA's Washington offices that are open and available to the public.  If these documents are placed in the library, researchers worry that they will be made unavailable to the public since the Nixon library is a private institution and would have power to decide what should and shouldn't be made available to the public.  I discuss my trip and have provided images from the Library's wonderful collection in the Image Gallery.  The Foundation's web site is a fountain of information including biographies of the president and the first lady. 

The National Archives and Records Administration:

Right before my trip to Yorba Linda, California, the NARA released an additional 240 hours of Nixon's secret tapes to the public.  The NARA is the self-described "custodian" of the historical materials created and received by the White House during the administration of Richard Nixon, 1969-1974. After the Watergate controversy, Congress took possession of the records with the Presidential Recordings and Materials Preservation Act of 1974 (PRMPA).  The National Archives preserves and processes these materials and prepares them for public access in at the Archives at College Park, Maryland.

National Archives at College Park, Maryland. 

The trip to make if a scholar wishes to hear any of the secret tapes or view any of the other documents released to the public by the NARA.  The Archives has made it clear that the tapes are often of poor sound quality, severely cut, and that existing transcripts are not accurate. 

America Votes:  Presidential Campaign Memorabilia from the Duke University Special Collections Library

This site features Campaign Memorabilia from the Duke University Special Collections Library.  Students can see campaign buttons, campaign posters, and even campaign sheet music for several presidents.  The Nixon section will be updated as the collection grows.