MALCOLM X (1992)
Works Cited
Alexander, Karen.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Sight and Sound March 1993: 46.

Ansen, David.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Newsweek 16 November 1992: 74.

Baraka, Amiri.  "Spike Lee at the Movies." Black American Cinema.  Ed. Manthia Diawara.  New York: Routledge, 1993.  146.

Bernard, Jami.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee.  New York Post 18 November 1992:.21.

Bogle, Donald.  Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies, and Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films.  New York: Continuum, 1994.

Bracey, John, & August Meier.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee.  Journal of American History December 1993: 1197

Breitman, George.  The Last Year of Malcolm X: The Evolution of a Revolutionary.  New York: Merit Publishing, 1966.

Breitman, George, with Herman Porter and Baxter Smith.  The Assassination of Malcolm X.   New York:  Pathfinder Press, 1988.

Brother Malcolm: The Assassination of Malcolm X.  Greenvale: 3rd Millennium Entertainment Group Inc., 1994.

Brown, Georgia.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee.  Village Voice 26 January 1993: 56.

Canby, Vincent.  "'Malcolm X,' as Complex as Its Subject."  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee.  New York Times 18 November 1992: 19.

Carson, Clayborne.  Malcolm X: The FBI File.   New York:  Carroll & Graf, 1991.

Cone, James H.  Martin and Malcolm and America: A Dream or a Nightmare.  Maryknoll: Orbis Books, 1991.

Clarke, John Henrik.  Malcolm X: The Man and His Times.   New York:  Macmillan, 1969.

Cripps, Thomas.  Slow Fade to Black: The Negro in American Film, 1900-1942.  New York: Oxford UP, 1993.

Crowdus, Gary, ed.  By Any Reviews Necessary: A Symposium on Malcolm XCineaste 19.4 (1993).

DeCaro, Louis A.  On the Side of My People: A Religious Life of Malcolm X.  New York:  New York University Press, 1996.

Denby, David.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee.  New York 23 November 1992: 70.

Doherty, Thomas Patrick.  "Malcolm X: In Print, On Screen."  Biography 23.1 (2000): 29-48.

Dyson, Michael Eric.  Making Malcolm: The Myth and Meaning of Malcolm X.  New York:  Oxford UP, 1995.

Ebert, Roger.  "Malcolm X."  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Chicago Sun-Times 18 November 1992:

Evanzz, Karl.  The Judas Factor: The Plot to Kill Malcolm X.   New York:  Thunder's Mouth Press; Emeryville:  dist. by Publisher's Group West, 1992.

Flamm, Matthew.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee.  New York Post 22 January 1993: 29.

Gallen, David.  Malcolm X: As They Knew Him.  New York:  Carroll & Graf, 1992.

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr.  "Generation X."  Back Film Review 7.3 (1992): 14-17, 33.

---.  "Malcolm, the Aardvark, and Me."  New York Times 2 Feb.1993: 7.11

Haley, Alex, and Malcolm X.  The Autobiography of Malcolm X (as told to Alex Haley.)  New York: Ballantine Books, 1964.

Hoberman, J.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee.  Village Voice 24 November 1992: 55.

hooks, bell.  "Malcolm X: Consumed by Images." Z Magazine March (1993): 36-39.

---.  "Spike Lee Doing Malcolm X."  Outlaw Culture.  New York: Routledge, 1994.  155-64.

Howe, Desson.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Washington Post 20 November 1992:

Jamal, Hakim A.  From the Dead Level: Malcolm and Me.  New York: Random House, 1972.

Jones, Kent.  "The Invisible Man. Spike Lee."  Film Comment 33 (Jan/Feb 1997): 42-47.

Kellner, Douglas.  "Spike Lee's Morality Tales."  Philosophy and Film.  Ed. Cynthia A. Freeland and Thomas E. Wartenberg.  New York: Routledge, 1995.  201-17.

Kempley, Rita.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee.  Washington Post 18 November 1992:

Kennedy, Lisa.  "Is Malcolm X The Right Thing?"  Sight and Sound 3.2 (1993): 6.

Lee, Spike, with Ralph Wiley.  By Any Means Necessary.  New York:  Hyperion, 1992.

Lee, Spike.  Five for Five: The Films of Spike Lee.  New York: Stewart, Tabori & Chang, 1991.

The Life and Death of Malcolm X.  Written and produced by James Washington.  Plymouth: Simitar, 1992.

Malcolm XVideorecording.  Films for the Humanities.  Princeton: Films for the Humanities, 1988.

Malcolm X: A Research Site

Malcolm X: A Search For IdentityVideorecording.  Narrated by Renee Poussaint.  Produced by Ron Steinman.  New York: A&E Home Video, 1995.

Malcolm X El Hajj Malik El Shabazz.  Videorecording.  Xenon Entertainment.  Xenon Video, 1991.

Malcolm X: His Own Story as it Really Happened.  Videorecording.  Produced by Marvin Worth and Arnold Perl. Burbank: Warner Home Video, 1972.

Malcolm X: Make it Plain.  Videorecording.  Narrated by David McCullough.  Produced and Directed by Orlando Bagwell.  Boston: WGBH; Alexandria: dist. by PBS Video, 1994.

Malcolm X Museum

Malcolm X.  Malcolm X: Speeches at Harvard.  Edited by Archie Epps.  New York:  Paragon House, 1991.

Malcolm X.  Malcolm X: The Last Speeches.  Edited by Bruce Perry.  New York, NY: Pathfinder, 1989.

Malcolm X: The Man, the Myth, the Movie Explored.  Videorecording.  Richmond: Evans Videography, 1992.

Malcolm X, the Movie: Cinema as History.  Videorecording.  Hosted by Sanford Ungar. West Lafayette: Purdue University Public Affairs Archives, 1993.

Mathews, Jack.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee.  Newsday 18 November 1992: II.61.

Myers, Walter Dean.  Malcolm X: By Any Means Necessary.  New York: Scolastic, 1993.

The Official Website of Malcolm X

Perry, Bruce.  Malcolm: The Life of a Man Who Changed Black America.  Barrytown: Stanton Hill Press; New York:  dist. by Talman Co., 1991.

Reed, Adolph. "The Trouble with X."  Progressive February (1993): 18-19.

Reid, Mark A.  "The Brand X of Postnegritude Frontier: Cultural Analysis of Black Identity Seen in Spike Lee's Film Malcolm X."  Film Criticism 20 (Fall/Winter 1995/96): 17-25.

Romney, Jonathan.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. New Statesman & Society 5 March 1993: 34.

Seven Songs for Malcolm X.  New York: First Run Icarus Films, 1993.

Seymour, Gene.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee.  Newsday 22 January 1993:  II.61.

Steele, Shelby.  "Malcolm Little."  New Republic 21 Dec. 1992: 27-31.

Sterritt, David.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Christian Science Monitor 18 November 1992: 14.

The Life and Death of Malcolm X.  Videorecording.  Written and produced by James Washington.  Plymouth:  Simitar, 1992.

The Real Malcolm X: An Intimate Portrait of the ManVideorecording.  Produced by Andrew Lack and Brett Alexander.  Beverly Hills:  CBS News;  Fox Video, 1992.

The True Malcolm X Speaks.  Videorecording.  Compiled by Debra D. Bass.  Las Vegas: Library Distributers of America, 1993.

Turan, Kenneth.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Los Angeles Times 18 November 1992: calender/1.

Turvey, Malcolm.  "Black Film Making in the USA: The Case of Malcolm X."   Wasafiri: Journal of Caribbean, African, Asian and Associated Literatures and Film 18 (Autumn 1993): 53-56.

Welsh, James M.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Films in Review April 1993: 128.

Winn, J.E.  "Challenges and Compromises in Spike Lee's Malcolm X."  Communication Abstracts 25.3 (2002): 287-426.

Wood, Joe.  Malcolm X: In Our Own Image.  New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992.

Copyright (c) 2003 by John "jaycee" Culhane, Undergraduate Student at Lehigh University.

This text may be used and shared in accordance with the fair-use provisions of the U.S. copyright law, and it may be archived and redistributed in electronic form, provided that the author is notified and no fee is charged for access. Archiving, redistribution, or republication of this text on other terms, in any medium, requires the consent of the author.