| Monsters. Vagrants. Imbeciles.
These are all descriptions Diedrich Knickerbocker gives to Native Americans
in the text to show why they have no right to the New World. Monsters.
Vagrants. Imbeciles. These are all descriptions that Washington Irving
is really using for us.
 The detestable monster is not the
Native American, it is us. For it is the white man that, like a bad dream,
comes and invades the New World and scares the Native Americans into submission.
The vagrant is the European who desperately wanders away from his home
land until he finds a new land,
 Our limit of knowledge of the Native American people is overflowing in the text. The Native Americans' simple and laid back lifestyle is a mark of contentment in the white man’s eyes. They have no excess desires, which, according to Knickerbocker, makes them animals not men. Their modest lifestyles are a sign of a sort of complacency as well, never striving for “wealth and all its advantages.’’ And who would expect them to be able to comprehend the value of wealth because their minds are like children, where the development of reason is incomplete. Chances of “fixing” them are slim. After all, they are not human, so they are unable to communicate on a human level. They’re just “dumb beasts.”
 These displays of ignorance are for a
larger purpose of Knickerbocker’s ultimate ignorant stance that the Native
Americans are so savage they have no right to the land. It is almost like
the text is a courtroom scene. Knickerbocker is the prosecuting lawyer,
presenting “evidence” for the Natives not having rights to the New World
or even to live. The Natives are the innocent victims being slandered,
and we are the jury.
 We the jury soon find out that Knickerbocker’s
senseless slandering and tearing down of the Native Americans actually
raises their value in our eyes. The accusations thrown against the Native
Americans are so slanderous and outlandish that one can’t help feeling
sorry for their position and feel disgust for the white man. Knickerbocker’s
opinions are unfounded and untrue. Just because a man walks naked, does
that make him uncivilized or less of a man? Does a man’s complacency make
him a savage? These are all simple character judgments that show Knickerbocker’s
ignorance toward the Native American culture.
 But we the jury are intelligent enough to know that for every Ulloa and Bouguer, there are four or five other scholars who support the Natives’ plight. And the “pious fathers” comparison to the devil is a ridiculously exaggerated accusation that even the sternest Native critics might find repulsive.
 This is in essence Irving’s technique in trying
to rouse our emotions in approval of the Native Americans. Knickerbocker
draws the most ridiculous assumptions about the Native Americans. These
assumptions are so ridiculous that Irving hopes we see how ridiculous we
have acted in dealing with the natives. Through the fictional character
Knickerbocker, we are given fictional accusations. Accusations that make
the European look like the bad guy he really is and make the Native American
humane and entitled to the land--just like Irving intended.