Johannes Stradanus, Nova Reperta (early 1580s)

                                   Title Page                                                   America 

                        The Lodestone, The Magnet                             Gunpowder

                                  Printing Books                                       Iron Clocks 

                    Guaiacum and Venereal Infection                            Distillation
                            Silk, or the Silkworm                           Stirrups, or Foot Rests
                                 Watermill                                                    Winged Mill

                                    Olive Oil                                                   Sugar

                                     Oil Colors                                                Spectacles

               Longitudes of the Earth Found from                         Polishing Armor
               the Deviation of the Magnet from the

                                     Astrolabe                                        Engraving on Copper