Middle Eastern Literature, Politics, Culture
Resources – online and print

Compiled by Amardeep Singh
with help from students in English 2.45

Note: The following resources come from the bibliographies of several students in my English 2.45 class. I have not personally gone through the list to confirm the content of each link, so I do not vouch for everything linked below! Resources that are found to be unreliable will be removed; new links will be added.


Saddam Hussein
History of U.S. Policy in Iraq
Iraq Oil
Reconstructing Iraq
U.S.-led Humanitarian wars in the 1990s

Arab-Israeli issues

Naguib Mahfouz

Salman Rushdie

Suicide Bombers

Religion and Technology in America

Naguib Mahfouz

Alterman, Jon B.  “Egypt: Stable, but for How Long?”  The Washington Quarterly, 2000.
Associated Press.  “Recovering Egypt Writer Asks Extremism’s Defeat.”  The Boston Globe.  16 October 1994.    http://www.boston.com/globe/search/stories/nobel/1994/1994e.html
Beard, Michael.  “The Early Novels of Naguib Mahfouz: Images of Modern Egypt.” Modern Fiction Studies, 1996. 
Colla, Elliott.  “Multiplying Mahfouz.”  New York: Routledge, 1993.
Luxner, Larry.  “A Nobel for the Arab Nation.”  Aramco World Magazine March-April 1989. 
Matuz, Roger.  “Contemporary Literary Criticism Yearbook 1988.”  Vol. 52 & 55, Gal Research Inc.: MI, 1989.
Mahfouz, Naguib.  Children of Gebelawi.”  Passeggiata Press: CO, 1997
“Naguib Mahfouz.”  Art and Culture Network.  1999-2003.
"Naguib Mahfouz." Authors and Artists for Young Adults, Volume 49. Gale Group, 2003.  
“Naguib Mahfouz.”  Biased to Grassroots (People and Facts).  30 April 2003.
"Najib Mahfuz." Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed. 17 Vols. Gale Research,  1998.   


Suicide bombings

Smith, Howard. Erased in a Moment: Suicide Bombing Attacks Against Israeli Civilians (Human Rights Watch, October 2002).
Triumph of Disorder : Islamic Fundamentalism, the New Face of War By Morgan Norval. Published: April, 1999
Johnston, Geoffery. Without Distinction: Attacks on Civilians by Palestinian Armed Groups (Amnesty International, July 2002).
Banani, Cecillia.
Arab-Israeli issues
Hansen, Birthe.  Unipolarity and the Middle East.  St. Martin’s Press.  New York, New York: 2001.
Israeli, Raphael. The Arabs in Israel: A Surging New Identity 29 April 2003.      
MacFarquhar, Neil.  “Some of Hussein’s Arab Foes Admire His Fight.”  The New York Times 29 April 2003. http://www.nytimes.com/2003/03/26/international/worldspecial/26ARAB.html?th.
Meek, James.  “Marines Losing the Battle for Hearts and Minds.”  The Guardian 29 April 2003.  http:///www.guardian.co.uk/international/story/0,3604,921356,00.html.
Reynolds, Paul.  “Basra: Why they Are Not Cheering.”  BBC News Online 29 April 2003.  http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/2884769.stm.
Shapiro, Bernard J.  “Will There Ever Be Peace between Israel and the Arabs?” 29 April  2003.
“The Unfinished War: A Decade Since Desert Storm.” CNN Online. 28 April 2003.  http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2001/gulf.war/facts/gulfwar/.
Brand-Jacobsen, Kai Frithjof.  “Israel-Palestine:  A Call for Action in Support of Peace”.
Online.  Internet. 19 December 2001, Available
Brownfield, Allan.  “Issues of the American Council for Judaism”. Spring, 1997.
Finkelstein, Norman.  Image and Reality of the Israel-Palestine Conflict.  New York : 1995.
Kerr, Malcolm.  “The Arabs and the Israelis: Perceptual Dimensions to their Dilemma,:  The Middle East Quest for American Policy .  Albany:   1973.
Miller, Aaaron David.  “The Palestine Dimension”.  The Arab-Israeli Conflict,. New York: 1984
Morris, Benny.  “Revisiting the Palestinian Exodus of 1948”.  The War for Palestine.  Cambridge: 2001.
Nazzal, Nafez.  “Israel Must Recognize the Rights of Palestinians”.   The Middle East – Opposing Views Minnesota, 1988.
“The Origin of the Palestine-Israeli Conflict”.  The Washington Report on Middle East Affairs   Jews for Justice, Online. Available.
Porath, Yehoshua.  The Emergence of the Palestinian-Arab National Movement,  Frank Cass; 1974
Sternhell, Z.   The Founding Myths of Israel.   Princeton, 1998.


Saddam Hussein

“Saddam Hussein.” 2002 ABC News (November 2002)
“Saddam Hussein.” 2001 CNN News (March 2001)


History of U.S. Policy in Iraq

Le Gall, Michael. "Saddam Hussein."  The World Book Encyclopedia.  Intl. ed. 1994.
United States.  U.S. Department of State.  Focus on:  Human Rights in Saddam's Iraq 
Butt, Gerald.  "Saddam Hussein Profile"  BBC News, online: 
United States.  MSgt Anil Lund.  Saddam Hussein's IRAQ:  A Decade of Defiance and Deception
Ladki, Nadim.  "Saddam Hussein's son joins family business"  Middle Eastern Times, Online:
United States.  U.S. Department of State.  Focus on:  Human Rights in Saddam's Iraq 

U.S.-led “Humanitarian” Wars – Rwanda, Kosovo, Somalia, Iraq

Coatsworth, John H.  Africa and the United States.  New York: Twayne Publishers, 1997
Fein, Helen.  “ On Kosovo: International Commission Evaluates Intervention Brandeis Conference Considers Report.” 
Institute for the Study of Genocide/International Association of Genocide Scholars 2000: ISG-IAGS.com.  2003
Kaufman, Burton I. Kaufman.  The Arab Middle East and the United States.  New York: Twayne Publishers, 1996
National Security Archive. US House of Reps.  Hearing Rwanda: Request for Protection for Informant.  Jan 11, 1994: 1-2
---.  US Dept. of State.  Death of Rwandan and Burundian Presidents in Plan Crash Outside of Kigali.  April 6, 1994
---.  ---.  Talking Points for UNAMIR Withdrawal.  Apr 15, 1994
---.  ---.  Rwanda – Geneva Convention Violations.  Circa May 18, 1994
---.  ---.  Draft Legal Analysis, Genocide in Rwanda.  May 16, 1994
---.  Office of the Secretary of Defense.  Discussion Paper.  May , 1994
---.  ---.  Talking Points on Rwanda/Burundi.  Apr 11, 1994
---.  ---.  Rwanda: Jamming Civilian Radio Broadcasts.  May 5, 1994
---.  ---.  Rwanda Interagency for Telecon.  May 11, 1994
---.  National Security Council.  The Clinton Administration’s Policy on Reforming Multilateral Peace Operations.  May 1994
---.  Defense Intelligence Agency.  Rwanda: The Rwandan Patriotic Front’s Offensive.  May 9, 1994
O’Rourke, P.J.  Give War a Chance.  New York: Vintage Books, 1992
Rosegrant, Susan and Watkins, Prof. Michael D.  “A ‘Seamless’ Transition: United States and United Nations Operations in Somalia.” Kennedy School of Government, Case Program; Harvard University 1996
Smith, Maj. Gen. Perry M, Ret.  “Understanding the complexities of the intervention into Bosnia.”  CNN December 15, 1995:
Smith, Maj. Gen. Perry M, Ret.  “Rules, goals in Bosnia please US military.”  CNN January 1, 1995:
Smith, Maj. Gen. Perry M., Ret.  “American intervention in Bosnia: The evolution of a new grand strategy for America?”  Jan. 9, 1996:
Stanislosky, David C. MD.  “World Policeman - If Not US, Who?”  NewsMax April 7, 2003. 

Iraq and Oil

al-Chalabi, Issam. “Iraqi oil policy: present and future perspectives.” Oil & Gas Journal. March 24, 2003: 42. Lexis-Nexis. April 22, 2002.
Banerjee, Neela. “U.S. Oil Still Pours From a Mideast Barrel.” New York Times. Oct. 22,
2002: C, 1. Lexis-Nexis. April 22, 2002. www.lexisnexis.com
“ChevronTexaco in the Middle East.” ChevronTexaco.com. 2003.
“Organizations of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).” Encyclopedia.com. 2003.
“The 112 Billion Barrel Question.” International Petroleum Finance. April 1, 2003.
Lexis-Nexis. April 22, 2003. www.lexisnexis.com
Trumbore, Brian. “The Arab Oil Embargo of 1973-74.” Buy and Hold: Educate Yourself.
2002. http://www.buyandhold.com/bh/en/education/history/2002/arab.html
“Where Fossil Fuels Come From.” The Energy Story. 2003.
Alnasrawi, Abbas. The Economy of Iraq: Oil, Wars, Destruction of Development and Prospects, 1950 2010. Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1994.
Arnove,Anthony., ed. Iraq Under Siege. Massachusetts: South End Press, 2000.
Hume, Cameron R. The United Nations, Iran and Iraq. Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1994.
Kjeilen Tore. “Iraq”. 1996. Online Internet 2 May 2003.
Available WWW: http://I-cias.com/e.o/iraq_2.htm
Johnson, Alex and Moran, Michael. “Oil: The Other Iraq War”. MSNBC News. Nov 7.       
The United Nations Blue Book Series. The United Nations and the Iraq- Kuwait Conflict. Vol.6. New York: United Nations Department of Public Information, 1996.


Reconstructing Iraq

Amin, Rula. “U.S. administrator faces big challenges”.
Bourge, Christian. “Postwar Iraq plan is inadequate”. United Press International. March 27, 2003.
Crocker, Bathsheba. A Wiser Peace. District of Columbia, 2003.
Harvey, Patrick. “Reconstructing Iraq”.
http://www.cavalierdaily.com/CVArticle April 14, 2003
Perlez, Jane. “A NATION AT WAR: THE POSTWAR TASK; U.S. OVERSEER SET TO REMAKE IRAQ”. The New York Times: Section A , Page 1 , Column 1. April 15, 2003
“Iraq: The quiet American” Middle East Economic Digest.  April 11, 2003: Pg.4.
“Provocations”. The Washington Quarterly .Spring 2003: Vol. 26, No. 2; Pg. 7.
“US awards deals for post-war Iraq”.


Salman Rushdie

Pipes, Daniel.  The Rushdie Affair.  New York: Carol Publishing Group, 1990.
MacDonogh, Steve, ed.  The Rushdie Letters.  Ireland, Brandon Book Publishers Ltd, 1993.
Janis, Irving L.  “Groupthink.”  Yale Alumni Magazine January 1973.
Rushdie, Salman.  The Satanic Verses.  New York: Pan Books Limited, 1988.
Deeb, Mary-Jane.  “Militant Islam and the Politics of Redemption.”  The Academy of Political and Social Science, 1992: 52-65.
Salamé, Ghassan.  “Islam and the West.”  Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1993.
Rushdie, Salman.  “The Struggle for the Soul of Islam.”  The New York Times, July 11, 1993.
Bekkar, Rabia.  “Taking Up Space in Tlemcen:  The Islamist Occupation of Urban Algeria.”  Interview by Hannah Davis, Middle East Report, no. 179 (pp. 11-15).


Religion and Technology in America

Atkins, Peter. “Education: Can religion and science ever be compatible in education?” The Independent. London: March 15, 2002
Edwards, Mark. “New Federal Law Applies to Ohio’s Evolution Debate, Congressional Leaders Say” U.S. Newswire. Washington: March 18, 2002
Rivas, Lisa Harrison. “Keeping kosher; many foods meet Jewish dietary law; Lone Star Living” The Associated Press State & Local Wire: March 13,   2003
Hammer, Rabbi Reuven. “A series of firsts” The Jerusalem Post: October 4, 2002
Eramian, Dan. “Building a bridge between science and religion” Micromedia Limited: December, 2002
Eisenberg, Carol. “An Archaeological Detective Story; For six months, scholars all over the world have studied a 2,000-year-old box that may be a physical link to Jesus” Newsday: April 16, 2003
“Is America’s Faith Really Shifting?” Barna Research Online: February 24, 2003