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Christopher J. Kiely

Selected Recent References

Supported Metal Catalysts

“Palladium-Tin Catalysts For The Direct Synthesis Of H2O2 With High Selectivity” S.J.Freakley, Q.He, J.Harrhy, L.Lu, D.A.Crole, D.J.Morgan, E.N.Ntainjua, J.K.Edwards, A.F.Carley, A.Boresivitch, C.J.Kiely and G.J.Hutchings, Science, (2016), 351, 965-968.

“Supported Bimetallic Nanoalloys As Highly Active, Selective And Stable Catalysts For The Hydrogenation Of Levulinic Acid To -Valerolactone” W.Luo, M.Sankar, A.M.Beale, Q.He, C.J.Kiely, P.C.A.Bruijnincx and B.M.Weckhuysen, Nature Communications, (2015), 6, Article number: 6540, doi:10.1038/ncomms7540.

“Designer Au-Pd Nanoparticles Supported on TiO2 for Efficient Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production” R.Su, R.Tiruvalam, A.Logsdail, Q.He, M.T.Jensen, N.Dimitratos, L.Kesavan, P.P.Wells, R.Bechstein, H.H.Jensen, S.Wendt, R.Catlow, C.J.Kiely, G.J.Hutchings and F.Besenbacher, ACS Nano, (2014), 8, 3490-3497.

“Strategies For Designing Supported Gold Nanoalloy Catalysts For The Direct Synthesis Of Hydrogen Peroxide” J.K.Edwards, S.Freakley, A.F.Carley, C.J.Kiely and G.J.Hutchings, Accts. Chem. Res., (2014), 47(3), 845-854.

“High Activity Redox Catalysts Synthesised By Chemical Vapour Impregnation” M.M.Forde, L.Kesavan, M.Izham bin Saiman, Q.He, N.Dimitratos, J.A.Lopez-Sanchez, R.L.Jenkins, C.J.Kiely and G.J. Hutchings, ACS Nano, (2014), 8, 957-969.

“The Direct Synthesis Of Hydrogen Peroxide Using Platinum Promoted AuPd Catalysts” J.K.Edwards, J.Pritchard, M.Piccinini, L.Lu, G.Shaw, A.F.Carley, D.J.Morgan C.J.Kiely and G.J. Hutchings, Angew.Chem.Int.Ed., (2014), 53, 2381-2384.

“Strategies For The Synthesis Of Supported Gold Palladium Nanoparticles With Controlled Morphology And Composition” G.J.Hutchings and C.J.Kiely, Accounts Chem. Res. (2013), 46(8), 1759–1772.

“Switching Off Toluene Formation In The Solvent Free Oxidation Of Benzyl Alcohol Using Supported Trimetallic Au-Pd-Pt Nanoparticles” Q.He, P.Miedziak, L.Kesavan, N.Dimitratos, J.A.Lopez-Sanchez, M.M.Forde, A.F.Carley, D.W.Knight, S.H.Taylor, C.J.Kiely and G.J.Hutchings, Faraday Discussions., (2013), 162, 365–378.

“Oxidation Of Methane To Methanol With Hydrogen Peroxide Using Supported Au-Pd Alloy Nanoparticles” M.H Ab Rahim, M.M.Forde, R.L.Jenkins, C.Hammond, N.Dimitratos, J.A. Lopez-Sanchez, A.F.Carley, S.H.Taylor, D.J.Willock, D.Murphy, C.J.Kiely and G.J.Hutchings, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., (2013), 52, 1280-1284.

“Designing Bimetallic Catalysts For A Green And Sustainable Future” M.Sankar, N.Dimitratos, P.J.Miedziak, P.P.Wells, C.J.Kiely and G.J.Hutchings, Chem. Soc. Rev., (2012), 41, 8099-8139.

“Synthesis Of Stable Ligand-Free Gold-Palladium Nanoparticles Using An Excess Anion Method” M.Sankar, M.Morad, J.Pritchard, Q.He, J.K.Edwards, S.H.Taylor, A.F.Carley, D.W.Knight, C.J.Kiely and G.J.Hutchings, ACS Nano, (2012), 6, 6600–6613.

“Promotion Of Phenol Photo-Decomposition Over TiO2 Using Au, Pd And Au-Pd Nanoparticles” R.Su, R.Tiruvalam, Q.He, R.Bechstein, N.Dimitratos, C.J.Kiely, G.J.Hutchings and F.Besenbacher, ACS Nano, (2012), 6, 6284–6292.

“Aberration Corrected Analytical Electron Microscopy Studies Of Sol-Immobilized Au+Pd, Au{Pd} And Pd{Au} Catalysts Used For Benzyl Alcohol Oxidation and Hydrogen Peroxide Production.” R.C.Tiruvalam, J.Pritchard, N.Dimitratos, J.A.Lopez-Sanchez, J.K.Edwards, A.F.Carley, G.J.Hutchings and C.J.Kiely, Faraday Discussions, (2011), 152, 63-86.

“Influence Of Methyl Iodide Treatment On Gold Nanoparticles Supported On Activated Carbon,” J.Sá, A.Goguet, S.F.R.Taylor, R.Tiruvalam, C.J.Kiely, M.Nachtegaal, G.J.Hutchings and C.Hardacre, Agnew.Chem.Int.Ed, (2011), 50, 8912-8916.

“Facile Removal Of Stabiliser-Ligands From Supported Gold Nanoparticles To Enhance Catalytic Properties,” J.A.Lopez-Sanchez, N.Dimitratos, C.Hammond, G.L.Brett, L.Kesavan, S.White, P.Miedziak, R.Tiruvalam, R.L.Jenkins, A.F.Carley, D.Knight, C.J.Kiely and G.J.Hutchings, Nature Chemistry, (2011), 3(7) 551-556.

“Synthesis Of Glycerol Carbonate From Glycerol And Urea With Gold-Based Catalysts,” C.Hammond, M.H.Ab Rahim, N.Dimitratos, R.L.Jenkins, A.F.Carley, Q.He, C.J.Kiely, D.W.Knight, J.A.Lopez-Sanchez and G.J.Hutchings, Dalton Transactions, (2011), 15, 3927-3937.

“Solvent-Free Oxidation Of Primary Carbon-Hydrogen Bonds In Toluene Using Au-Pd Alloy Nanoparticles,” L.Kesavan, R.Tiruvalam, M.I.Bin Saiman , D.I.Enache, R.Jenkins , N.Dimitratos, J.A.Lopez-Sanchez, S.H.Taylor, D.W.Knight, C.J.Kiely and G.J.Hutchings, Science, (2011), 351, 195-199.

“Direct Synthesis Of Hydrogen Peroxide And Benzyl Alcohol Oxidation Using Au-Pd Catalysts Prepared By Sol Immobilization,” J.Pritchard, L. Kesavan, M.Piccinini, Q.He, R.Tiruvalam, N.Dimitratos, J.A.Lopes-Sanchez, A.F.Carley, J.K.Edwards, C.J.Kiely and G.J.Hutchings, Langmuir, (2010), 26, 16568-16577.

“Direct Synthesis Of H2O2 From H2 And O2 Over Acid Pre-Treated Au, Pd And Au-Pd Catalysts Supported On TiO2 ” J.K.Edwards, E.Ntainjua N, A.F.Carley, A.A.Herzing, C.J.Kiely and G.J.Hutchings, Angewandte Chemie.Int.Ed., (2009), 48, 8512-8515.

“Switching-Off Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogenation In The Direct Synthesis Process” J.K.Edwards, B.Solsana, E.Ntainjua N, P.Landon, A.F.Carley, A.A.Herzing, C.J.Kiely and G.J.Hutchings, Science, (2009), 323, 1037-1041.

“Identification Of Active Gold Nanoclusters On Iron Oxide Supports For CO Oxidation,” A.A. Herzing, C.J.Kiely, A.F. Carley, P. Landon and G.J. Hutchings, Science, (2008), 321, 1331-1335.

“Solvent-Free Oxidation Of Primary Alcohols To Aldehydes Using Titania-Supported Au-Pd Catalysts” D.I.Enache, J.Edwards, P.Landon, B.Solsana-Espriu, A.F.Carley, A.Herzing, M. Watanabe, C.J.Kiely, D.W Knight and G.J.Hutchings, Science, (2006), 311, 362-365.

“Tuneable Gold Catalysts For Selective Hydrocarbon Oxidation Under Mild Conditions” M.D.Hughes, P.Jenkins, P.McMorn, P.Landon, A.F.Carley G.A.Attard, G.J.Hutchings, F.King, H.Stitt, P.Johnston, K.Griffin and C.J.Kiely, Nature, (2005), 437, 1132-1135.

“Role Of Cations In The Oxidation Of Carbon Monoxide Catalysed By Iron-Oxide Supported Gold”, G.J.Hutchings, M.S.Hall, A.F.Carley, P.Landon, B.E.Solsana, C.J.Kiely, A.A.Herzing, M.Makkee, J.Moulijn, A.Overweg, J.C.Fierro-Gonzalez, J.Guzman and B.C.Gates, J.Catal , 242, (2006), 71-81.

“Selective Oxidation of CO In The Presence Of H2 , H2O And CO2 Using Au/  -Fe2O3 Catalysts For Use In Fuel Cells” P.Landon, J.Ferguson. B.E.Solsona, T.Garcia, S.Al-Sayari, A.F.Carley, A.A.Herzing, C.J.Kiely, M.Makkee, J.A.Moulijn, A.Overweg, S.E.Golunski and G.J.Hutchings, J.Mater.Chem., (2006), 16, 199 - 208.

Supported Oxide Catalysts

“Catalytic Partial Oxidation Of Cyclohexane By Molybdenum Blue Nanorings” X.Liu, M.Conte, W.Weng, Q.He, M.Watanabe, D.Morgan, D.W.Knight, D.M.Murphy, K.Whiston, C.J.Kiely and G.J.Hutchings, Catal. Sci. and Tech., (2015), 5, 217-227.

“Fe2(MoO4)3/MoO3 Nano-Structured Catalysts For The Oxidation Of Methanol To Formaldehyde” G.Jin, W.Weng, Z.Lin, N.F.Dummer, S.H.Taylor, C.J.Kiely, J.K.Bartley and G.J.Hutchings, Journal of Catalysis, (2012), 296, 55–64.

“Nanostructural And Chemical Characterization Of Supported Metal Oxide Catalysts By Aberration Corrected Analytical Electron Microscopy” W.Zhou, I.E.Wachs and C.J.Kiely, Current Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science, (2012), 16, 10-22.

“The Significiance Of The Order Of Impregnation On The Activity Of Vanadia Promoted Palladium-Alumina Catalysts For Propane Total Oxidation,” T.Garcia, B.Solsona, E.Carter, W.Weng, C.J.Kiely, A.F.Carley and S.H.Taylor, Catalysis Science & Technology, (2011), 1, 1367- 1375.

“Atomic Scale Characterization of Double Supported WOx/TiO2/SiO2 Solid Acid Catalysts,” W.Zhou, K.F.Doura, M.Watanabe, A.A.Herzing, E.I Ross-Medgaarden, I.E.Wachs and C.J.Kiely, Chem.Cat.Chem., (2011), 3(6), 1045-1050.

“Relating Pentane Isomerization Activity To The Tungsten Surface Density Of WOx /ZrO2” N.Soultanidis, W.Zhou, A.C.Psarras, A.J.Gonzalez, E.F.Iliopoulou, C.J.Kiely, I.E. Wachs and M.S. Wong, J.Am.Chem.Soc., (2010), 132, 13462-13471.

“Identification of Active Zr-WOx Clusters on ZrO2 Supports for Solid Acid Catalysts,” W. Zhou, E.I.Ross-Medgaarden, W.V.Knowles, M.S.Wong, I.E.Wachs and C.J.Kiely, Nature Chemistry, (2009), 1, 722-728.

“Tuning The Electronic And Molecular Structure Of Catalytic Sites With Titania Nanoligands,” E. Ross-Medgaarden, I.E.Wachs, W.Knowles, A.Burrows. C.J.Kiely and M.Wong, J.Am.Chem.Soc., (2009), 131, 680-687.

“Probing Metal-Support Interactions Under Oxidizing And Reducing Conditions: An In-Situ Raman And IR Spectroscopic And STEM-XEDS Microscopic Investigation Of Supported Pt Catalysts,” W.Lin, A.A.Herzing, C.J.Kiely and I.E.Wachs, J.Phys.Chem.C., (2008), 112, 5942-5951.

“New Insights into the Nature of the Acidic Catalytic Active Sites Present in ZrO2 -Supported Tungsten Oxide Catalysts,” E.I.Ross-Medgaarden, T.Kim, W.V.Knowles, M.S.Wong, W.Zhou, C.J.Kiely and I.E.Wachs, J.Catal, (2008), 256, 108-125.

“Molecular/Electronic Structure – Surface Acidity Relationships of Model Supported Tungsten Oxide Catalysts,” T. Kim, A.Burrows, C.J.Kiely and I.E.Wachs, J.Catal , 246, (2007), 370-381.

Complex Oxide Materials

“Stable Amorphous Georgeite As A Precursor To A High Activity Catalyst” S.A.Kondrat, P.Smith, P.P.Wells, P.A.Chater, L.Lu, T.E.Davies, E.M.Fiordaliso, J.B.Wagner, J.K.Bartley, S.H.Taylor, M.S.Spencer, C.J.Kiely, G.J.Kelly, C.W.Park, M.J.Rosseinsky and G.J.Hutchings, Nature, (2016), 531, 83-87.

“Partial Oxidation Of Ethane To Oxygenates Using Fe And Cu Containing ZSM-5 Catalysts” M.M.Forde, C.Hammond, Q.He, R.L.Jenkins, N.Dimitratos, J.A.Lopez-Sanchez, S.H.Taylor, D.J.Willock, C.J Kiely and G.J.Hutchings, J.Am.Chem.Soc., (2013), 135, 11087-11099.

“Direct Catalytic Conversion Of Methane To Methanol In An Aqueous Medium Using Cu-Promoted Fe-ZSM-5” C.Hammond, M.M.Forde, M.Hasbi Ab Rahim, A.Thetford, Q.He, R.L.Jenkins, N.Dimitratos, N.F.Dummer, J.A.Lopez-Sanchez, D.M.Murphy, A.F.Carley, D.J.Willock, S.H.Taylor, E.E.Stangland, J.Kang, H.Hagen, C.J.Kiely and G.J.Hutchings, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., (2012), 51, 5129–5133.

“Niobium Phosphates As New Highly Selective Catalysts For The Oxidative Dehydrogenation Of Ethane,” W.Weng, M.Davies, G.Whiting, B.Solsona, C.J.Kiely, A.F.Carley and S.H.Taylor, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., (2011), 13, 17395-17404.

“Catalysis Science Of Methanol Oxidation Over Iron-Vanadate Catalysts” K.Routray, W.Zhou, C.J.Kiely and I.E. Wachs, ACS Catalysis, (2011), 1, 54-66.

“Origin Of The Synergystic Interaction Between Bulk Metal Oxide Phases: Selective Oxidation Of Methanol To Formaldehyde Over Bulk Iron-Molybdate Catalysts,” K.Routray, W.Zhou, C.J.Kiely, W.Grunert and I.E.Wachs, J. Catal., (2010), 75, 84-98.

“Microstructural Evolution Of Pd-doped Nanoscale Zero-valent Iron (nZVI) Particles In Aqueous Media And Implications for Particle Reactivity ” S.Li, W.Yan, A.A.Herzing, C.J.Kiely and W.Zhang, Env. Sci.and Technol., (2010), 44, 4288-4294.

“Vanadium Phosphorus Oxide Seeds And Their Influence On The Formation of V-P-O Precursors,” R.Al Otiabi, W.Weng, J.K.Bartley, N.F.Dummer, C.J.Kiely and G.J.Hutchings, Chem.Cat.Chem., (2010), 2, 443-452.

“Structural Evolution And Catalytic Performance Of DuPont V-P-O/SiO2 Materials Designed For Fluidized Bed Applications ”, N.F.Dummer, W.Weng, C.Kiely , A.F.Carley, J.K.Bartley, C .J.Kiely and G.J.Hutchings, Applied Catalysis A , (2010), 376, 47-55.

“Cobalt Promoted Copper Manganese Oxide Catalysts For Ambient Temperature Carbon Monoxide Oxidation,” C.Jones, S.H.Taylor, A.Burrows, M.J.Crudace, C.J.Kiely and G.J.Hutchings, Chem.Comm, (2008), 1707-1709.

“Gallium Doped VPO Catalysts For The Oxidation Of n-Butane To Maleic Anhydride,” L. Sartoni, A.Delimitis, J.K.Bartley, A.Burrows, H.Roussel, J-M.Herrmann, J.C.Volta, C.J.Kiely and G.J.Hutchings, J.Mater.Chem ., 16, (2006), 4348 - 4360.

“The Hydride Anion In An Extended Transition Metal Oxide Array – LaSrCoO3H0.7” M.A.Hayward, E.J.Cussen, J.B.Claridge, M.Bieringer, M.J.Rosseinsky, C.J.Kiely, S.J.Blundell, I.M.Marshall, and F.L.Pratt, Science, (2002), 295, 1882-1884.

“Magnetism In Oxide Chains Bridged With The Hydride Anion; LaSrCoO3H0.7 Studied By Muon-Spin Rotation” S.J.Blundell, I.M.Marshall, F.L.Pratt, M.A.Hayward, J.B.Claridge, M.Bieringer, C.J.Kiely and M.J.Rosseinsky, Physica B, (2003), 326, 527-531.

“Amorphous Vanadium Phosphate Catalysts From Supercritical Antisolvent Precipitation” G.J.Hutchings, J.K.Bartley, J.M.Webster, J.A.Lopez-Sanchez, D.J.Gilbert, C.J.Kiely, A.F.Carley, S.M.Howdle, S.Sajip, S.Calderelli, C.Rhodes, J.C.Volta and M.Poliakoff, J.Catal. (2001), 197 (2), 232-235.

“Structural Modifications Observed In A VMgO Catalyst Under Reaction Conditions” A.Burrows, C.J.Kiely, G.Vorbeck, J.Perregaard, P.E.Hojlund-Neilson, C.Lopes-Cartes and J.J.Calvino, Catalysis Letters, 57 (3), (1999), 121-128.

Nanoparticles & Self-Assembly

“Biomanufacturing Of CdS Quantum Dots” Z.Yang, L.Lu, V.F.Berard, Q.He, C.J.Kiely, S.McIntosh and B.W.Berger, Green Chemistry, (2015), 17, 3775-3782.

“High Resolution Electron Microscopy Study Of Nanocubes And Polyhedral Nanocrystals Of Cerium (IV) Oxide” M.A.L.Cordeiro, W.Weng, E.Longo, D.G.Stroppa, C.J.Kiely and E.R.Leite, Chemistry of Materials, (2013), 25, 2028-2034.

“Solvothermal Synthesis Of Ultra-Small Tungsten Oxide Nanoparticles” N.Soultanidis, W.Zhou, C.J.Kiely and M.S.Wong, Langmuir, (2012), 28, 17771-17777.

“Mercaptocarborane-Capped Gold Nanoparticles: Electron Pools And Ion Traps With Switchable Hydrophilicity” A.M.Cioran, A.D.Musteti, F.Teixidor, Ž.Krpetić, I.A.Prior Q.He, C.J.Kiely, M.Brust and C.Viñas, J.Am.Chem.Soc., (2012), 134, 212-221.

“A Viral Capsid Type Vesicle Self-Assembled From M12L24 Metal-Organic Hybrid Nanocages,” D.Li,W.Zhou, K.Landskron, S.Sato, T.Liu, C.J. Kiely and M. Fujita, Agnew.Chem.Int.Ed, (2011), 50, 5182 –5187.

“Multishell Bimetallic AuAg Nanoparticles; Synthesis, Structure and Optical Properties”, B.Rodriguez-Gonzalez, A. Burrows, M.Watanabe, C.J.Kiely and L.M.Liz-Marzan, J. Materials Chemistry, (2005), 15, 1755-1759.

“Monolayer Protected Clusters Of Gold and Silver”, M.Brust and C.J.Kiely, Colloids and Colloid Assemblies: Synthesis, Modification, Organisation and Utilisation of Colloid Particles; Editor, F.Caruso, Wiley-VCH, (2004), p96-116, ISBN 3-5273-0660-9.

“Fabrication Of 2-D Gold Nanowires By Self-Assembly Of Gold Nanoparticles /Surfactant Mixtures On Water Surfaces” T.Hassenkamp, K. Norgaard, L.Iverson, C.J.Kiely, M.Brust and T. Bjornholm, Adv.Mater., (2002), 14 (16), 1126-1130.

“Ordered Colloidal Nanoalloys” C.J.Kiely, J.Fink, J.G.Zheng, M.Brust, D.Bethell and D.J.Schiffrin, Advanced Materials, (2000), 12 (9), 640-643.

“Spontaneous Ordering Of Bimodal Ensembles Of Nanoscopic Gold Clusters” C.J.Kiely, J.Fink, M.Brust, D.Bethell and D.J.Schiffrin, Nature, 396, (1998), 444-446.

Microscopy Technique Development

“A New Look At Lunar Soil Collected From The Sea Of Tranquility During The Apollo 11 Mission ” C.Kiely, G.Greenberg and C.J.Kiely, Microscopy and Microanalysis, (2011), 17, 34-48.

"New Views Of Catalysts” C.J.Kiely , Nature Materials , (2010), 9, 296-297.

“Aberration Corrected Analytical Electron Microscopy Studies Of Bimetallic Nanoparticles,” A.A. Herzing, M.Watanabe, C.J.Kiely, J.Edwards, M.Conte, Z.R.Tang and G.J.Hutchings, Faraday Discussions, (2008), 138, 337-351.

“Improvements In The X-Ray Analytical Capabilities Of A Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope By Spherical Aberration Correction,” M.Watanabe, D.W.Ackland, A.Burrows, C.J.Kiely, D.B.Williams, O.L.Krivanek, N.Dellby, M.F.Murfitt and Z.Szilagyi, Microscopy and Microanalysis , 12, (2006), 515-526.

“The Aberration Corrected JEOL JEM-2200FS FEG-STEM/TEM Fitted With An W -Electron Energy-Filter: Performance Characterization And Selected Applications” M.Watanabe, D.W.Ackland, C.J.Kiely, D.B.Williams, M.Kanno, R.Hynes and H.Sawada JEOL News, 41, (2006), 2-7.

“Calculation Of The Electronic Structure Of Carbon Films Using Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy” I.Alexandrou, A.J.Papworth, B.Rafferty, G.A.J.Amaratunga, C.J.Kiely and L.M.Brown, Ultramicroscopy, (2001), 90, 39-45.

“Structure Of Highly Dispersed Metals And Oxides: Exploring The Capabilities Of High Resolution Electron Microscopy” S.Bernal, R.T.Baker, A.Burrows, J.J.Calvino, C.J.Kiely, C.Lopes-Cartes, J.A.Perez-Omil and J.M.Rodriguez-Izquierdo, Surface and Interface Analysis, (2000), 29, 411-421.

Carbonaceous Materials

“Study Of The Electronic Structure Of Carbon Materials Near The Bandgap Using Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy”, I.Alexandrou, K.Chremmou, A.J.Papworth, U.Bangert, G.A.J.Amaratunga and C.J.Kiely, Diamond and Related Materials, (2005), 14, 1522-1528.

“Carbon Films With An sp2 Network Structure” I.Alexandrou, H-J Schiebe, A.J.Papworth, C.J.Kiely and G.A.J.Amaratunga, Phys. Rev. B, (1999). 60 (15), 10903-10907.

“Hard Elastic Carbon Films From Linking Of Carbon Nanoparticles” G.A.J.Amaratunga, M.Chhowalla, C.J.Kiely, I.Alexandrou, R.Aharonov and R.Devenish, Nature, (1996), 383, 321-323.

Semiconductors & Interfaces

“The Role Of A Bilayer In Liquid Metal Embrittlement,” J.Luo, H.Cheng, K.Meshinchi Asl, C.J.Kiely and M.P.Harmer, Science, (2011), 333, 1730-1733.

“The Role Of Defects And Growth Directions In The Formation Of Periodically Twinned And Kinked Unseeded Germanium Nanowires,” C.A.Barrett, H.Geaney, W.Weng, C.J.Kiely, F.Laffir, C.O’Sullivan, R.Gunning, A.Singh and K.M.Ryan, Crystal Growth and Design, (2011), 11, 3266–3272

“Misfit Dislocations In Heteroepitaxy” R. Beanland, C.J. Kiely and R.C. Pond, Handbook of Semiconductors, (3rd edition.), edited by T.S. Moss and S. Mahajan, (1994), Vol. 3 (a), 1149-1230, ISBN 0-444-88835.

“General Characteristics Of Crack Arrays In Epilayers Grown Under Tensile Strain” R.T.Murray, C.J.Kiely and M.Hopkinson, Semicond. Sci. and Technol. (2000), 15, 325-330.

“Crack Formation In Ill-V Epilayers Grown Under Tensile Strain On InP(001) Substrates” R.T.Murray, C.J.Kiely and M.Hopkinson, Phil.Mag.A, (1996), 74 (2), 383-393.


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