YES = NO=

Plastic Materials

Press a soldering iron or a hot rod (500F/260C) against the sample

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Thermoplastics Thermosets

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Burn a small corner of the sample

Floats


Drop a small sample
in water


Sinks

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Self Extinguishing

Continues to Burn

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Material

Observations

DAP Melamine
Formalde
Hyde
Phenol
Formalde
Hyde
Urea
Formalde
Hyde
Polyester Silicone Epoxy Material

Observations

| | Color of Flame Yellow Yellow w/blue tip Yellow  Yellow w/greenish blue edge Yellow w/ blue edges Bright Yellow Yellow  Color of Flame

PP
PE

All 
Others

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Odor Faint odor of Phenol Fish like Phenol Formalde-
Hyde
Sour Cinnamon None Pungent Aminer Odor

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Other Black Smoke  Swells and Cracks May or may not be self-exting. Swells and Cracks Black Smoke w/soot  Continues to burn Black Smoke Other
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Burn a small corner of the sample





Self-Extinguishing*

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| No Flames* Continues to burn* |
| | | |
| Drips Drips Drips
| Yes No

Yes

No Yes No
Material

Observations

PE PP FEP CTFE PTFE PVF ABS Acetal Cellulose
Acetate
Cellulose
Acetate
Butyrate
Cellulose
Propionate
Poly
Styrene
Poly
ester
Cellulose
Nitrate
Poly Urethane Nylon Poly Sulfone Poly
Carbonate
PPO PVC Material

Observations

Color of Flame Blue w/ yellow
tip
___ ___ ___ ___ Blue w/ yellow edges Blue Yellow w/Sparks Yellow w/blue
tip
Yellow Yellow yellow with blue edges Pale
Yellow
Yellow Blue w/ yellow
tip
Orange Orange or Yellow Yellowish Orange Yellow w/green edges Color of Flame
Odor Paraffin Acrid or Diesel Fumes Burnt
Hair
Acetic
Acid
Burnt
Hair
Acidic Acrid Formalde
hyde
Vinegar Rancid 
Butter
Burnt
Sugar
Illuminating gas or
marigold
burning rubber Camphor Faint
Apple
Burnt wool or hair Odor of sulfur Phenol Phenol Hydro-
chloric acid
Odor
Speed of burning* Fast** Slow*
___ ___ ___ ___ Slow* Slow* Slow* Slow* Fast** Fast** Fast** Fast** Fast** Slow* Fast** Slow* Slow* Slow* Speed of burning
Other Melts &
Drips
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Black Smoke w/soot  No
Smoke
Black Smoke w/ soot Some smoke w/soot Some
black
smoke
Dense smoke w/soot Black smoke w/soot Sample burns completely Slight black smoke Froths Black smoke w/soot Black smoke w/soot Difficult to ignite smoke White
Smoke
Other
*Speed of burning

 

* Slow = < 3 inches per minute

**Fast = > 3 inches per minute.

* No Flames PTFE, CTFE, PVF, FEP
*Continues to
Burn
ABS, Acrylics, Acetals, Cellulose Acetate, Cellulose Acetate Butyrate, Cellulose Propionate,Cellulose Nitrate, Polystyrene, Polyurethane, Polyester
* Self
Extinguishing
Nylon, Polycarbonate, PPO, Polysulfone, PVC