Workshop: Toward the Smart Grid
Friday, January 20, 2012
Lehigh University | Mountaintop Campus
Iacocca Hall | Wood Dining Room
| S. David Wu|
Dean and Iacocca Professor
P.C. Rossin College of Engineering and Applied Science
Profile: S. David Wu is Dean of the P.C. Rossin College of Engineering and Applied Science at Lehigh University, where he holds the Lee A. Iacocca endowed chair. Dr. Wu was appointed Dean of the Engineering College in 2004. A well-known scholar in operations research, he specializes in optimization, game theory, and statistical analysis. He has received significant support for his research from the National Science Foundation (NSF), Department of Defense (DOD), Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC), and Sandia National Laboratories. Professor Wu's work in the high-tech industry has been widely recognized and cited, including Best Paper Awards, finalist for the 2009 Daniel H. Wagner Prize for Excellence in Operations Research Practice, and extensive media coverage. His work has been tested and implemented at firms such as Intel, Infineon, Freescale, Lucent, HP, and IBM. A fellow of IIE, Wu has published more than 100 scholarly papers and served as editor or editorial board member on more than a handful of journals in his field. His work was published in journals such as Operations Research, Management Science, and Naval Research Logistics and he co-edited the best-selling book Handbook of Quantitative Supply Chain Analysis (Springer/Kluwer) with David Simchi-Levi and Max Shen. Dean Wu has served on various national and international panels such as the NSF, the Science Foundation of Ireland, and the Research Grant Council of Hong Kong. He currently serves on the board of overseers for Dartmouth College's Thayer School of Engineering, and the engineering advisory board for the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST). He received his M.S. and Ph.D. from the Pennsylvania State University in 1987. He was a visiting professor at the University of Pennsylvania, and HKUST.
Rick S. Blum
Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering
Director, Communications Research in Signal Processing
University of California, Davis
Why Information Networks Can Pave The Way To Green Electricity
Sustainable growth requires a path to integrated green electricity in increasing percentages, and a path to use the transmission resources more efficiently. Today wind and solar power cannot be easily thrown into the mix of generation resources due to their limited dispatchability and intermittent nature when compared to fuel combustion. There is increasing evidence that responsive and controllable consumption could be used to compensate for the volatility introduced by intermittent resources on the generation side.
On the other hand, in the last decades the cost of making large electrical appliances responsive, through the inclusion of communication and embedded intelligence in them, has decreased dramatically. Ubiquitous network connectivity and embedded processing is becoming commonplace; in fact, several sensor networking communication protocols were developed in the past ten years, promising to give machines a voice. We are also witnessing an increasing number of complex human transactions that are carried out in real time over wide areas. Can cheap bits and flops make the demand become elastic, so that greener and cheaper Watts can flow in the electric grid? This question, and the promise of the new engineering research that is focused on addressing it, will be critically examined in this talk.
Profile: Prof. Anna Scaglione (M.Sc.'95, Ph.D. '99) is currently Professor in Electrical and Computer Engineering at University of California at Davis. She joined UC Davis in 2008, after leaving Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, where she started as Assistant Professor in 2001 and became Associate Professor in 2006; prior to joining Cornell she was Assistant Professor in the year 2000-2001, at the University of New Mexico. She is a Fellow of the IEEE since 2011. She served as Associate Editor for the IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications from 2002 to 2005, and from 2008 to 2011 in the Editorial Board of the IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing from 2008, where she was Area Editor in 2010-11. She has been in the Signal Processing for Communication Committee from 2004 to 2009 and is in the steering committee for the conference Smartgridcomm since 2010. She was general chair of the workshop SPAWC 2005. Dr. Scaglione is the first author of the paper that received the 2000 IEEE Signal Processing Transactions Best Paper Award; she has also received the NSF Career Award in 2002 and she is co-recipient of the Ellersick Best Paper Award (MILCOM 2005). Her expertise is in the broad area of signal processing for communication systems and networks. Her current research focuses on signal processing algorithms for networks and for sensors systems, with specific focus on Smart Grid, demand side management and reliable energy delivery.
Professor of Applied Economics and Management
Utopia Electric: Developing a Smart Grid that Customers can Afford
With higher penetrations of variable generation from renewable sources, the need to install effective forms of storage capacity and/or backup generation on the electric delivery system is critical. New technologies have been developed, including improved communications and controls for a "smart grid," that make it technically feasible to provide supply-side solutions for mitigating variable generation. However, these supply-side solutions will be expensive and in the end customers will have to pay the bill. The underlying theme for this presentation is that customers must see direct economic benefits from the smart grid if it is going to get widespread public acceptance. This implies that it will be necessary to find substantial reductions in the cost of running the conventional electric delivery system to provide the savings needed to cover the cost of new investment. The generally negative response of many customers to the installation of smart meters is not an encouraging start for the smart grid.
The objective of this presentation is to demonstrate how controllable loads, such as electric vehicles and thermal storage, can be used to mitigate variable generation, and at the same time, reduce total system costs. The analysis shows how customers with controllable demand can 1) shift load from expensive peak periods to less expensive off-peak periods, 2) reduce the amount of installed conventional generating capacity needed to maintain System Adequacy, and 3) provide ramping services to mitigate variable generation. A major problem with implementing this approach is that standard rate structures do not provide the correct economic incentives for customers. Developing a regulatory environment in which all participants in the different markets for electricity and ancillary services, including customers, pay for the services they use and are compensated for the services they provide will establish a solid foundation for a smart grid that customers can afford.
Profile: Tim Mount is a Professor of Applied Economics and Management at Cornell University, with expertise in Electricity Markets and Econometrics. His current research and teaching interests include econometric modeling and policy analysis relating to the use of fuels and electricity, and to their environmental consequences (acid rain, smog, and global warming). He is currently conducting research on the restructuring of markets for electricity and the implications for (1) price behavior in auctions for electricity, (2) the rates charged to customers, and (3) the environment.
| Anjan Bose
Distinguished Professor of Power Engineering
Director, Power Systems Engineering Research Center
Washington State University
The Evolution of Control for the Smart Transmission Grid
The smart transmission grid is a major topic of discussion but a comprehensive description of such a grid is still developing. It is expected that such a transmission system will have significantly more measurements, communications and control than the present grid but no consensus has been reached on what the specifications of such new functionality should be. Of course, the technical specifications depend on the new applications of monitoring and control that we would like to see for the operation of the grid. Matching the available technology of measurement, communication and control to our wish-list of applications is the way to develop this technical vision of the smart grid. In this presentation, we will develop a specific view of what the smart transmission grid will look like and what new monitoring and control functions will be feasible with existing technologies of measurements, communications, computers and controllers. The new development will be mainly in software which will be covered.
Profile: Anjan Bose is a Regents Professor and the Distinguished Professor of Electric Power Engineering at Washington State University in Pullman, Washington, where he also served as the Dean of the College of Engineering & Architecture from 1998 to 2005. He is a leading researcher on the operation and control of the electric power grid. He has worked in the electric power industry as well as academe for over 35 years.
Dr. Bose is a Member of the US National Academy of Engineering, a Foreign Fellow of the Indian National Academy of Engineering, a founding Board Member of the Washington State Academy of Science, and a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE). He was the recipient of the Outstanding Power Engineering Educator Award, the Third Millenium Medal, and the Herman Halperin Electric Transmission & Distribution Award from the IEEE. He has been recognized by both Iowa State University and the Indian Institute of Technology with their distinguished alumnus awards. He has served on several editorial boards and on many technical committees and conference organizations. He was appointed by the governor to the board of directors of the Washington Technology Center, and by the U.S. Secretary of Energy to serve on the committee studying the 1999 and 2003 power blackouts. He has served on several committees of the US National Academies including those for Engineering Education, Cybersecurity Research, Power Grid Security, and America’s Energy Future. He has consulted for many electric power companies and related government agencies throughout the world.
| Alan Snyder
Vice President and Associate Provost, Research and Graduate Studies
Profile: Alan J. Snyder serves as Lehigh's vice president and associate provost for research and graduate studies, with responsibility for developing and expanding the culture and environment for research, scholarship and creative work. Previously, he served as vice dean for research and graduate studies at the Penn State College of Medicine. Snyder's research career has focused mainly on the development, design and testing of mechanical circulatory support systems for patients suffering heart failure. His work has spanned the theoretical consideration of homeostatic mechanisms and the highly practical aspects of design, development and clinical evaluation. In addition to collaborating with surgeons, cardiologists, engineers, nurses, materials scientists and others, Snyder has worked closely with businesses, regulators and National Institute of Health program managers. For his research accomplishments, he has been recognized as a Fellow of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering. Snyder completed his undergraduate and graduate work at Penn State, earning a B.S. in engineering science and a Ph.D. in bioengineering.
| Fred S. Roberts
Director, Command, Control, and Interoperability Center for Advanced Data Analysis (CCICADA)
Algorithmic Decision Theory and the Smart Grid
Today's decision makers in fields ranging from engineering to medicine to homeland security have available to them remarkable new technologies, huge amounts of information, and the ability to share information at unprecedented speeds and quantities. These tools and resources are particularly relevant to problems at the nexus of energy, environment, and the economy that lie at the heart of the development of the smart grid. The tools and resources will enable better decisions if we can surmount concomitant challenges: The massive amounts of data available are often incomplete or unreliable or distributed and there is great uncertainty in them; interoperating/distributed decision makers and decision-making devices need to be coordinated; many sources of data need to be fused into a good decision, often in a remarkably short time; decisions must be made in dynamic environments based on partial information; there is heightened risk due to extreme consequences of poor decisions; decision makers must understand complex, multi-disciplinary problems. In the face of these new opportunities and challenges, the field of Algorithmic Decision Theory (ADT) aims to exploit algorithmic methods to improve the performance of decision makers (human or automated). ADT is extremely relevant to problems of the smart grid, which allows for real-time precision in operations and control previously unobtainable but raises new issues of privacy and vulnerability.
Profile: Fred S. Roberts is a Professor of Mathematics at Rutgers University, where he is a member of seven graduate faculties, in Computer Science, Mathematics, Operations Research, Computational Molecular Biology, BioMaPS (Interdisciplinary Ph.D. Programs at the Interface between the Biological, Mathematical, and Physical Sciences), Industrial and Systems Engineering, and Education. In January 1996, he was named the Director of DIMACS, the Center for Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science. DIMACS, with administrative offices at Rutgers, was founded as one of the original National Science Foundation Science and Technology Centers and is a joint academic-industry partnership with over 325 affiliated scientists. Roberts served as DIMACS Director until September 2011, when he became Emeritus Director and Senior Advisor. From 2006 to 2009, he served as the Director of the Department of Homeland Security Center of Excellence (DHS CoE CCICADA, the Command, Control, and Interoperability Center for Advanced Data Analysis, also based at Rutgers, which has 17 academic and industrial partners.
Roberts' major research interests are in mathematical models in the social behavioral, biological, environmental, and epidemiological sciences, of problems of communications and transportation, and of infrastructure protection; graph theory and combinatorics and their applications; measurement theory; utility, decision making, and social choice; and operations research. His first book, Discrete Mathematical Models, with Applications to Social, Biological, and Environmental Problems, has been called a classic in the field, and was translated into Russian in 1986. He has also authored three other books: Graph Theory and its Applications to Problems of Society: Measurement Theory, with Applications to Decisionmaking, Utility, and the Social Sciences (republished in 2009); and Applied Combinatorics. An 800 –page rewritten version of the latter (jointly with Barry Tesman), emphasizing modern applications, was published in 2009; it has also been published in Chinese. Roberts is also the editor of 21 other books covering such varied topics as energy modeling, reliability of computer and communications networks, mathematical psychology, computational biology, sustainability, and precollege discrete mathematics, and the author of some 175 scientific articles.
Professor Roberts has organized some 50 scientific conferences, including the 6-year DIMACS program on Mathematical Support for Molecular Biology, during which he was instrumental in fostering lasting collaborations between computer scientists/mathematicians and biologists, and the 8-year DIMACS program on Computational and Mathematical Epidemiology, in which he has focused mathematical science research on data analysis methods for early warning of disease outbreaks, syndromic surveillance, the interface between climate change and disease, and economic and behavioral factors in responses to disease events, among other things.
Among his honors and awards, Professor Roberts has been the recipient of University Research Initiative Award from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, the Commemorative Mdeal of the Union of Czech Mathematicians and Physicists, and the Distinguished Service Award of ACM-SIGACT (Association of Computing Machinery Special Interest Group on algorithms and Computation Theory). He also received the National Science Foundation Science and Technology Centers Pioneer Award in a ceremony at NSF.
| Jeffrey D. Taft
Distinguished Engineer and Chief Architect
Cisco Connected Energy Networks
Cisco and the Smart Grid
Cisco Systems has been engaged in networking for electric utilities for many years, but for the last three years has been focused on grid modernization and smart grid through a dedicated business unit known as the Connected Energy Networks Business Unit. CENBU has developed a reference model and reference architecture for networking throughout the entire power delivery chain and uses that reference architecture as a framework for development of products, services, and solutions for electric utilities, balancing and interchange organizations, reliability coordinators, and energy services and energy market organizations. The 11 tier reference model and resulting architecture and products have achieved significant traction in the industry, as have specific architectural elements, including architectures for teleprotection networking via packet switching and PMU wide area networking via MPLS and IP-Multicast. This presentation will describe Cisco's activities in the area of smart grid and grid modernization, as well as touching on some key upcoming issues for smart grid.
Profile: Dr. Jeffrey Taft is a Cisco Distinguished Engineer and is the Chief Architect for the Cisco Connected Grid Business Unit.
As the CG Chief Architect, he is responsible for development of the Cisco Connected Grid Architecture for end to end converged communications in smart grid and electric power delivery chains. He participates in the definition of Cisco connected grid strategy development, and collaborates with other CG staff to integrate the technical architecture with business architecture, product development, ecosystem elements, and market strategies. He also participates in relevant standards activities and supports Cisco business development and client engagement teams on selected technical issues.
Dr. Taft is a veteran of the energy and technology sectors with over 25 years experience in his field. He began working in the smart grid area exclusively in 2001 and before coming to Cisco, held smart grid chief architect roles with Accenture and IBM. In those roles he developed architectures for smart grid data management, analytics, and system integration based on experience in building smart grid solutions for several electric utilities. Jeffrey formerly worked for Westinghouse and consulted for HICO in the power equipment field, and also has experience in industrial automation, medical imaging, signal processing, and control systems. While at Westinghouse, he led the development of a reference architecture for modular machine vision and sensory systems for industrial applications.
Dr. Taft has extensive experience in the areas of smart grid data management, analytics, visualization of grid information, integration, and distributed processing architectures. He has worked on several key smart grid projects since he first began to develop sensor architectures and analytics for distribution grids. As the field progressed, he became involved in the larger issues of at-scale smart grid system structure, including data and analytics aggregation, control federation and disaggregation, and observability strategy. He is the holder of 13 patents and has published and presented numerous papers and articles on smart grid architecture over the last several years.
Jeffrey received his PhD in Electrical Engineering from the University of Pittsburgh in 1986 while working at Westinghouse, with a dual specialization in digital signal processing and digital control. He is a member of the IEEE Power and Energy Society, the IEEE Signal Processing Society, and CIGRE.
|Martha Dodge (panel moderator)|
Director, Energy Systems Engineering Institute
Profile: Martha Dodge, formerly a senior administrator with PPL Electric Utilities, serves as director of Lehigh's Energy Systems Engineering Institute (ESEI). In this capacity, she coordinates research projects between the energy industry and ESEI, recruits students to the ESEI’s master’s of engineering in energy systems engineering program, solicits industry and government support, and organizes seminars by industry leaders. Dodge also teaches core courses for the energy systems engineering program and supervises student projects that tackle real-world problems in energy and environment.
Dodge retired last year from PPL Electric Utilities, where she led the electric planning and engineering department and was senior director within the Smart Grid initiative. She earned an MBA from Lehigh in 1988 and is a licensed professional engineer in Pennsylvania with 28 years of energy industry experience.
The ESEI focuses on research, education and service. It connects faculty, students and representatives of the energy and power industries and offers a professional master's of engineering (M.Eng.) program that prepares graduates to meet the challenges of the changing field.
|Hassan Farhangi (panelist)|
Director, Group for Advanced Information Technology
British Columbia Institute of Technology
Profile: Dr. Hassan Farhangi, Ph.D., SM-IEEE, and PEng, is the Director of the Group for Advanced Information Technology (GAIT) within the Technology Centre of British Columbia Institute of Technology in Burnaby, BC, and Adjunct Professor at the University of British Columbia (UBC) and Simon Fraser University (SFU). Dr. Farhangi initiated the Smart Grid research and development at BCIT. He is the chief system architect and the principal investigator of BCIT's Smart Microgrid at its Burnaby Campus in Vancouver, British Columbia.
He has published and presented several papers in scientific journals and conferences in Smart Grid and is a member of various international standardization committees such as IEC CSC TC57 WG17 (IEC 61850), Cigre WG C6.21 (Smart Metering), Cigre WG C6.22 (Microgrids Evolution), etc. A frequent keynote speaker at various international Smart Grid Conferences, Dr. Farhangi has more than 25 years of experience in academic and applied research. Before joining BCIT, he served as Chief Technical Officer (CTO) of a number of companies involved in the design and development of systems, components and solutions for the Smart Grid. Dr. Farhangi is a member of Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of British Columbia (APEG), a senior member of Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) and leader of Canadian Smart Grid Research Network (NSERC Smart MicroGrid Network NSMG-Net).
|Ken Geisler (panelist)|
Siemens Energy, Inc.
Director, Business Strategy
Infrastructure & Cities Sector, USA
Profile: Ken Geisler has over 29 years of management and technical experience in defining, designing, developing and implementing large integrated solutions in the energy industry. His background covers real-time analysis, control and integration for systems addressing both operations and planning for transmission and distribution systems, as well as wind generation, substation automation and protection, and distribution automation. Ken has served in various technical, management and executive roles for large international engineering companies.
From 2004-2010 Ken served as chief architect, Smart Grid, Siemens Energy & Automation. In this role he was responsible for solution vision, direction, strategy, definition, design and initial implementations for all areas of EA business, including Smart Grid solutions related to transmission control centers; distribution control centers, distributed energy resources, substation intelligence and automation; distribution automation, demand side management and response; and the overall integrated solution.
Prior to his time with Siemens, Ken was president, CEO and chairman of the board of Configured Energy Systems Inc. from 1991-2004. He was responsible for the vision, direction, strategy, operations, financial performance and management of the executive team. While in this role, he grew the company from 2 to 150 people with $17 million in annual revenues, brought in venture investment to support growth and drove the company to become the largest outage management solution provider in the market during that period.
Ken earned a B.S. in Electrical and Computer Engineering and a M.S. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Wisconsin, Madison.
|Chantal-Aimee Hendrzak (panelist)|
Director, Applied Solutions
Profile: Chantal-Aimee N. Hendrzak, director– Applied Solutions, is responsible for sourcing, evaluating, leveraging, and supporting the adoption and implementation of advanced solutions for the operation of the bulk power transmission system and the operation of all related markets. Ms. Hendrzak is also the Director of International Relations for PJM, responsible for developing, managing, and leveraging PJM's international relationships.
Previously, Ms. Hendrzak held the position of manager of the Operations Development department within the Operations Division responsible for leading the development and enhancement of applications used in real-time operations. Prior to that, she was a project leader coordinator in the Information Services Division.
Prior to joining PJM, Ms. Hendrzak was employed by Accenture (formerly Andersen Consulting) and American Power Conversion.
Ms. Hendrzak earned her bachelor of science in Business and French from Albright College and is pursuing her Masters in Business Administration through Penn State University. She also sits on an Academic Advisory Board for Penn State School of Graduate Professional Studies – Engineering Divison.
|Monique Rowtham-Kennedy (panelist)|
Deputy General Counsel, Office of General Counsel
Department of Defense
Profile: Monique Rowtham-Kennedy was appointed Deputy General Counsel (Environment & Installations), Office of General Counsel, Department of Defense, on May 9, 2011. Ms. Rowtham-Kennedy and her staff provide legal counsel to the Office of the Secretary of Defense on a full range of environmental and energy issues, as well as military construction, real property and installations management, and base realignment and closure. The Deputy General Counsel also provides counsel and support to the military departments through her counterparts in the Offices of General Counsel for the Army, Navy, and Air Force.
Ms. Rowtham-Kennedy is an attorney with more than twenty years of experience in corporate, contract, and regulatory matters, particularly in the area of electric energy infrastructure development and cost recovery. Prior to serving as Deputy General Counsel, Ms. Rowtham-Kennedy was Senior Counsel in the Legal Department of American Electric Power (AEP), one of the largest electric utilities and generators of electricity in the U.S. In this position, she was primarily responsible for representing AEP and its affiliates in administrative proceedings, including rate cases, before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). Ms. Rowtham-Kennedy also served as Senior Counsel with Northeast Utilities, based in Hartford, CT, and was an associate with the law firm Day, Berry and Howard (now Day Pitney, LLC).
Ms. Rowtham-Kennedy earned her Juris Doctor from Duke University School of Law and her Bachelor of Arts in International Relations from Brown University.