MALCOLM X (1992)
Works Cited
Alexander, Karen.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Sight and Sound March 1993: 46.

Ansen, David.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Newsweek 16 November 1992: 74.

Baraka, Amiri.  "Spike Lee at the Movies." Black American Cinema.  Ed. Manthia Diawara.  New York: Routledge, 1993.  146.

Bernard, Jami.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee.  New York Post 18 November 1992:.21.

Bogle, Donald.  Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies, and Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films.  New York: Continuum, 1994.

Bracey, John, & August Meier.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee.  Journal of American History December 1993: 1197

Breitman, George.  The Last Year of Malcolm X: The Evolution of a Revolutionary.  New York: Merit Publishing, 1966.

Breitman, George, with Herman Porter and Baxter Smith.  The Assassination of Malcolm X.   New York:  Pathfinder Press, 1988.

Brother Malcolm: The Assassination of Malcolm X.  Greenvale: 3rd Millennium Entertainment Group Inc., 1994.

Brown, Georgia.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee.  Village Voice 26 January 1993: 56.

Canby, Vincent.  "'Malcolm X,' as Complex as Its Subject."  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee.  New York Times 18 November 1992: 19.

Carson, Clayborne.  Malcolm X: The FBI File.   New York:  Carroll & Graf, 1991.

Cone, James H.  Martin and Malcolm and America: A Dream or a Nightmare.  Maryknoll: Orbis Books, 1991.

Clarke, John Henrik.  Malcolm X: The Man and His Times.   New York:  Macmillan, 1969.

Cripps, Thomas.  Slow Fade to Black: The Negro in American Film, 1900-1942.  New York: Oxford UP, 1993.

Crowdus, Gary, ed.  By Any Reviews Necessary: A Symposium on Malcolm XCineaste 19.4 (1993).

DeCaro, Louis A.  On the Side of My People: A Religious Life of Malcolm X.  New York:  New York University Press, 1996.

Denby, David.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee.  New York 23 November 1992: 70.

Doherty, Thomas Patrick.  "Malcolm X: In Print, On Screen."  Biography 23.1 (2000): 29-48.

Dyson, Michael Eric.  Making Malcolm: The Myth and Meaning of Malcolm X.  New York:  Oxford UP, 1995.

Ebert, Roger.  "Malcolm X."  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Chicago Sun-Times 18 November 1992: http://www.suntimes.com/ebert_reviews/1992/11/790018.html

Evanzz, Karl.  The Judas Factor: The Plot to Kill Malcolm X.   New York:  Thunder's Mouth Press; Emeryville:  dist. by Publisher's Group West, 1992.

Flamm, Matthew.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee.  New York Post 22 January 1993: 29.

Gallen, David.  Malcolm X: As They Knew Him.  New York:  Carroll & Graf, 1992.

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr.  "Generation X."  Back Film Review 7.3 (1992): 14-17, 33.

---.  "Malcolm, the Aardvark, and Me."  New York Times 2 Feb.1993: 7.11

Haley, Alex, and Malcolm X.  The Autobiography of Malcolm X (as told to Alex Haley.)  New York: Ballantine Books, 1964.

Hoberman, J.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee.  Village Voice 24 November 1992: 55.

hooks, bell.  "Malcolm X: Consumed by Images." Z Magazine March (1993): 36-39.

---.  "Spike Lee Doing Malcolm X."  Outlaw Culture.  New York: Routledge, 1994.  155-64.

Howe, Desson.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Washington Post 20 November 1992: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/style/longterm/movies/videos/malcolmxpg13howe_a0af39.htm

Jamal, Hakim A.  From the Dead Level: Malcolm and Me.  New York: Random House, 1972.

Jones, Kent.  "The Invisible Man. Spike Lee."  Film Comment 33 (Jan/Feb 1997): 42-47.

Kellner, Douglas.  "Spike Lee's Morality Tales."  Philosophy and Film.  Ed. Cynthia A. Freeland and Thomas E. Wartenberg.  New York: Routledge, 1995.  201-17.

Kempley, Rita.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee.  Washington Post 18 November 1992: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/style/longterm/movies/videos/malcolmxpg13kempley_a0a2f5.htm

Kennedy, Lisa.  "Is Malcolm X The Right Thing?"  Sight and Sound 3.2 (1993): 6.

Lee, Spike, with Ralph Wiley.  By Any Means Necessary.  New York:  Hyperion, 1992.

Lee, Spike.  Five for Five: The Films of Spike Lee.  New York: Stewart, Tabori & Chang, 1991.

The Life and Death of Malcolm X.  Written and produced by James Washington.  Plymouth: Simitar, 1992.

Malcolm XVideorecording.  Films for the Humanities.  Princeton: Films for the Humanities, 1988.

Malcolm-X.org   http://www.malcolm-x.org

Malcolm X: A Research Site  http://www.brothermalcolm.net

Malcolm X: A Search For IdentityVideorecording.  Narrated by Renee Poussaint.  Produced by Ron Steinman.  New York: A&E Home Video, 1995.

Malcolm X El Hajj Malik El Shabazz.  Videorecording.  Xenon Entertainment.  Xenon Video, 1991.

Malcolm X: His Own Story as it Really Happened.  Videorecording.  Produced by Marvin Worth and Arnold Perl. Burbank: Warner Home Video, 1972.

Malcolm X: Make it Plain.  Videorecording.  Narrated by David McCullough.  Produced and Directed by Orlando Bagwell.  Boston: WGBH; Alexandria: dist. by PBS Video, 1994.

Malcolm X Museum  http://www.themalcolmxmuseum.org

Malcolm X.  Malcolm X: Speeches at Harvard.  Edited by Archie Epps.  New York:  Paragon House, 1991.

Malcolm X.  Malcolm X: The Last Speeches.  Edited by Bruce Perry.  New York, NY: Pathfinder, 1989.

Malcolm X: The Man, the Myth, the Movie Explored.  Videorecording.  Richmond: Evans Videography, 1992.

Malcolm X, the Movie: Cinema as History.  Videorecording.  Hosted by Sanford Ungar. West Lafayette: Purdue University Public Affairs Archives, 1993.

Mathews, Jack.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee.  Newsday 18 November 1992: II.61.

Myers, Walter Dean.  Malcolm X: By Any Means Necessary.  New York: Scolastic, 1993.

The Official Website of Malcolm X   http://www.cmgww.com/historic/malcolm

Perry, Bruce.  Malcolm: The Life of a Man Who Changed Black America.  Barrytown: Stanton Hill Press; New York:  dist. by Talman Co., 1991.

Reed, Adolph. "The Trouble with X."  Progressive February (1993): 18-19.

Reid, Mark A.  "The Brand X of Postnegritude Frontier: Cultural Analysis of Black Identity Seen in Spike Lee's Film Malcolm X."  Film Criticism 20 (Fall/Winter 1995/96): 17-25.

Romney, Jonathan.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. New Statesman & Society 5 March 1993: 34.

Seven Songs for Malcolm X.  New York: First Run Icarus Films, 1993.

Seymour, Gene.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee.  Newsday 22 January 1993:  II.61.

Steele, Shelby.  "Malcolm Little."  New Republic 21 Dec. 1992: 27-31.

Sterritt, David.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Christian Science Monitor 18 November 1992: 14.

The Life and Death of Malcolm X.  Videorecording.  Written and produced by James Washington.  Plymouth:  Simitar, 1992.

The Real Malcolm X: An Intimate Portrait of the ManVideorecording.  Produced by Andrew Lack and Brett Alexander.  Beverly Hills:  CBS News;  Fox Video, 1992.

The True Malcolm X Speaks.  Videorecording.  Compiled by Debra D. Bass.  Las Vegas: Library Distributers of America, 1993.

Turan, Kenneth.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Los Angeles Times 18 November 1992: calender/1.

Turvey, Malcolm.  "Black Film Making in the USA: The Case of Malcolm X."   Wasafiri: Journal of Caribbean, African, Asian and Associated Literatures and Film 18 (Autumn 1993): 53-56.

Welsh, James M.  Rev. of Malcolm X, dir. Spike Lee. Films in Review April 1993: 128.

Winn, J.E.  "Challenges and Compromises in Spike Lee's Malcolm X."  Communication Abstracts 25.3 (2002): 287-426.

Wood, Joe.  Malcolm X: In Our Own Image.  New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992.
 
 

Copyright (c) 2003 by John "jaycee" Culhane, Undergraduate Student at Lehigh University.

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