U

Ubiquity:
Existence or apparent existence everywhere at the same time.A raw material that is found at all locations.
UCC:
See: GS1
UCS:
See: Uniform Communication Standard
UI:
User Interface.
Umbrella rate:
An ICC rate-making practice that held rates to a particular level to protect the traffic of another mode.
Unbundled Payment/Remittance:
The process where payment is delivered separately from its associated detail.
Under Utilization:
To use too little or inefficiently.
Uniform Code Council (UCC):
See: GS1
Uniform Communication Standard (UCS):
A set of standard transaction sets for the grocery industry that allows computer-to-computer, paperless exchange of documents between trading partners. Using Electronic Data Interchange, UCS is a rapid, accurate and economical method of business communication; it can be used by companies of all sizes and with varying levels of technical sophistication.
Uniform Product Code (UPC):
A standard product numbering and bar coding system used by the retail industry. UPC codes are administered by the Uniform Code Council; they identify the manufacturer as well as the item, and are included on virtually all retail packaging. Also see: Uniform Code Council
Uniform Resource Locator (URL):
A string that supplies the Internet address of a website or resource on the World Wide Web, along with the protocol by which the site or resource is accessed. The most common URL type is http;//, which gives the Internet address of a web page. Some other URL types are gopher://, which gives the Internet address of a Gopher directory, and ftp:;//, which gives the network location of an FTP resource.
Uniform Warehouse Receipts Act:
The act that sets forth the regulations governing public warehousing. The regulations define the legal responsibility of a warehouse manager and define the types of receipts issued.
Unit Cost:
The cost associated with a single unit of product. The total cost of producing a product or service divided by the total number of units. The cost associated with a single unit of measure underlying a resource, activity, product or service. It is calculated by dividing the total cost by the measured volume. Unit cost measurement must be used with caution as it may not always be practical or relevant in all aspects of cost management.
Unit of Driver Measure:
The common denominator between groupings of similar activities. Example: 20 hours of process time is performed in an activity center. This time equates to a number of common activities varying in process time duration. The unit of measure is a standard measure of time such as a minute or an hour.
Unit Load Device (ULD):
Refers to airfreight containers and pallets.
Unit of Measure (UOM):
The unit in which the quantity of an item is managed, e.g., pounds, each, box of 12, package of 20, or case of 144. Various UOMs may exist for a single item. For example, a product may be purchased in cases, stocked in boxes and issued in single units.
Unit-of-Measure Conversion:
A conversion ratio used whenever multiple units-of-measure are used with the same item. For example, if you purchased an item in cases (meaning that your purchase order stated a number of cases rather than a number of pieces) and then stocked the item in eaches, you would require a conversion to allow your system to calculate how many eaches are represented by a quantity of cases. This way, when you received the cases, your system would automatically convert the case quantity into an each quantity.
Unit Train:
An entire, uninterrupted locomotive, care, and caboose movement routed between a single origin and destination.
United Nations Standard Product and Service Code (UN/SPSC):
Developed jointly between the UN and DunandBradstreet (D&B). Has a five level coding structure (segment, family, class, commodity, business function) for nearly 9000 products.
United States Railway Association:
The planning and funding agency for Conrail; created by the 3-R Act of 1973.
Unitize:
To consolidate a number of packages into one unit; the several packages are strapped, banded, or otherwise attached together.
Unitization:
In warehousing, the consolidation of several units (cartons or cases) into larger units to improve efficiency in handling and to reduce shipping costs
Units Moved per Man Hour:
Measures the number of units moved in per man hour.Calculation: (number of units moved) / (total number of hours worked to move units)
Unplanned Order:
Orders which are received that do not fit into the volumes prescribed by the plans developed from forecasts.
UN/SPSC:
See: United Nations Standard Product and Service Code
UOM:
See: Unit of Measure
UPC:
See: Uniform Product Code
Upcharges:
Charges added to a bill, particularly a freight bill, to cover additional costs that were not envisioned when a contract was written. These might include costs related to rapidly increasing fuel charges or costs related to government mandates. Also see: Accessorial Charges
Upsell:
The practice of attempting to sell a higher-value product to the cus­tomer.
Upside Flex Agreement:
This is a flexibility agreement with a supplier where the upside and down side are negotiated in advance for lead-time, cost, etc.
Upside Production Flexibility:
The number of days required to complete manufacture and delivery of an unplanned sustainable 20% increase in end product supply of the predominant product line. The one constraint that is estimated to be the principal obstacle to a 20% increase in end product supply, as represented in days, is Upside Flexibility: Principal Constraint. Upside Flexibility could affect three possible areas: direct labor availability, internal manufacturing capacity, and key components or material availability.
Upstream:
Refers to the supply side of the supply chain. Upstream partners are the suppliers who provide goods and services to the organization needed to satisfy demands which originate at point of demand or use, as well as other flows such as return product movements, payments for purchases, etc. This is the opposite of downstream.
Urban Mass Transportation Administration:
An agency of the U.S. Department of Transportation responsible for developing comprehensive mass transport systems for urban areas and for providing financial aid to transit systems.
URL:
See: Uniform Resource Locator
Usage Rate:
Measure of demand for product per unit of time (e.g., units per month, etc.).