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10+2:
A new rule instituted by the United States Customs and Border Protections (US CBP). 10+2 requires cargo information, for security purposes, to be transmitted to the US CBP at least 24 hours before goods are loaded onto an ocean vessel for shipment into the U.S. 10+2 is pursuant to section 203 of the SAFE Port Act, and requires importers to provide 10 data elements to the US CBP, as well as 2 more data elements from the carrier.The following 10 data elements are required from the importer:1. Manufacturer (or supplier) name and address2. Seller (or owner) name and address3. Buyer (or owner) name and address4. Ship-to name and address5. Container stuffing location6. Consolidator (stuffer) name and address7. Importer of record number/foreign trade zone applicant identification number8. Consignee number(s)9. Country of origin10. Commodity Harmonized Tariff Schedule numberFrom the carrier, 2 data elements are required:1. Vessel stow plan2. Container status messages
14 Points:
W. Edwards Deming's 14 management practices to help companies increase their quality and productivity:1. Create constancy of purpose for improving products and services,2. Adopt the new philosophy,3. Cease dependence on inspection to achieve quality,4. End the practice of awarding business on price alone; instead, minimize total cost by working with a single supplier,5. Improve constantly and forever every process for planning, production and service,6. Institute training on the job,7. Adopt and institute leadership,8. Drive out fear,9. Break down barriers between staff areas,10. Eliminate slogans, exhortations and targets for the workforce,11. Eliminate numerical quotas for the workforce and numerical goals for management,12. Remove barriers that rob people of pride of workmanship, and eliminate the annual rating or merit system,13. Institute a vigorous program of education and self-improvement for everyone and14. Put everybody in the company to work to accomplish the transformation.
24-hour Manifest Rule (24-hour Rule):
U.S. Customs rule requiring carriers to submit a cargo declaration 24 hours before cargo is laden aboard a vessel at a foreign port.
24/7:
Referring to operations that are conducted 24 hours a day, 7 days a week
24/7/365:
Referring to operations that are conducted 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days per year, with no breaks for holidays, etc
3D Loading:
3D loading is a method of space optimizing designed to help quickly and easily plan the best com­pact arrangement of any 3D rectang­ular object set (boxes) within one or more larger rectangular enclosures (containers). It’s based on three dimensional, most-dense packing algorithms
3PL:
See: Third Party Logistics
3PSP:
See: Third Party Service Provider
4PL:
See: Fourth Party Logistics
5-Point Annual Average:
Method frequently used in PMG studies to establish a representative average for a one year period.
Calculation: [12/31/98 + 3/31/98 + 6/30/99 + 9/30/99 + 12/31/99] / 5
5-S Program:
A program for organizing work areas. Sometimes referred to as elements, each of the five components of the program begins with the letter “S.” They include sort, systemize, shine or sweep, standardize, and sustain. In the UK, the concept is converted to the 5-C program comprising five comparable components: clear out, configure, clean and check, conformity, and custom and practice.Sort—get rid of clutter; separate out what is needed for the operations.Systemize/Set in Order—organize the work area; make it easy to find what is needed.Shine—clean the work area; make it shine.Standardize—establish schedules and methods of performing the cleaning and sorting.Sustain—implement mechanisms to sustain the gains through involvement of people, integration into the perfor­mance measurement system, disci­pline, and recognition.The 5-S program is frequently combined with precepts of the Lean Manufacturing Initiative. Even when used separately, however, the 5-S (or 5-C) program is said to yield excellent results. Implementation of the program involves introducing each of the five elements in order, which reportedly generates multiple benefits, including product diversification, higher quality, lower costs, reliable deliveries, improved safety, and higher availability rate.
5 Whys:
The five whys is a question asking method which is used to explore the cause/effect relationships underlying a particular problem or process. When an answer is given to a question continue by asking why the answer is appropriate. This allows for a drill down to determine a root cause of a defect or problem, or rationale for the process.
6-S:
An expanded definition of 5-S which includes safety
7 Wastes:
One of the basic concepts of Lean management, the seven 'deadly wastes' are best remembered by the acronym TIM WOOD:Transportation - moving products that is not actually required to perform the processing.Inventory - all components, work-in-progress and finished product not being processed.Motion - people or equipment moving or walking more than is required to perform the processing.Waiting - waiting for the next production step.Overproduction - too much production or ahead of demand.Over Processing - due to poor tool or product design creating activity.Defects - the effort involved in inspecting for and fixing defects.
80-20 Rule:
A term referring to the Pareto principle. The principle suggests that most effects come from relatively few causes; that is, 80% of the effects (or sales or costs) come from 20% of the possible causes (or items). Also see: ABC Classification, Pareto