Sociology and Anthropology
681 Taylor Street
Telephone: 610-758-3787 (work)
"Take it when you can get it...."
Ph.D. University of Cambridge, England 1983 Classical Archaeology
M.A. SUNY Albany, New York 1980 Classical Archaeology
B.A. SUNY Albany, New York 1973 History
Texts and Archaeology
Complex Society Architecture and Society
Theoretical Approaches in Archaeology Mediterranean Archaeology
Economic Archaeology Mortuary Archaeology
Historical Ecology Heterarchy
Associate Professor 1989-1998
Visiting Assistant Professor 1987-1989
University of Michigan
Visiting Assistant Professor 1986-1987
University of Cambridge
Environment and Culture
Intro. Physical Anthropology General Archaeology
Social Evolution of Complex Organizations Greek Archaeology
Roman Archaeology Archaeology of Mesoamerica
Archaeological Method and Theory Archaeological Field Methods
Archaeology of Interaction Ancient Technology
Greek and Roman Cultures Ancient Cities
Anthropology of Death and Dying Social Theory
Comparative Early Civilizations Archaeology of Death
Grants and Contract Research
Lehigh University Unsponsored Research Fund. "Salto Valley
Salto Valley, Italy. 1994. ($1200)
Lehigh University Unsponsored Research Fund. "Salto Valley
Salto Valley, Italy, 1995. ($1200)
National Science Foundation. "The Archaeology of Complexity
in a Nonhierarchical
Landscape: Survey in the Salto Valley (1995) asked to resubmit
National Endowment for the Humanities. "The Archaeology
of Complexity in a
Nonhierarchical Landscape: Survey in the Salto Valley (1995) asked to resubmit
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research.
"The Archaeology of
Complexity in a Nonhierarchical Landscape: Survey in the Salto Valley (1995)
(Above project was halted in 1996 when Italian government withdrew support for permission to conduct field research)
Lehigh University Unsponsored Research Fund. "Testing
Late Bronze Age Subsistence
Crises in Greece" 1998. ($1200)
MANUSCRIPTS UNDER REVIEW
n.d. Combining the Two: Heterarchy and the
Dual Processual Model in Evolutionary
Dynamics. Current Anthropology, (revise and resubmit)
n.d The Architecture of the Ancient Greeks.
Oxford University Press.
(Expected publication date – 2000)
1999 (ed). At the Interface: the Household and Beyond,
co-edited with Nicola Tannenbaum, University Press of America
1997 (ed). The Archaeology of Israel: Constructing the Past/Interpreting
co-edited with Neil Silberman, Sheffield Academic Press.
1995 (ed). Methods in the Mediterranean: Historical and
on Texts and Archaeology , Brill Press.
n.d The Negotiations of Urban Populations,
in Populations and Preindustrial Cities:
A Cross-Cultural Perspective, edited by G. Storey, University of Alabama Press.
1999 Mycenaean Polities: States or Estates? in Mycenaean Palaces:
Interpretations on an Old Idea, eds. M. Galaty and M. Parkinson, pp. 43-49.
University of California Press. (1999)
1999 Introduction, in At the Interface: the Household and Beyond.
Nicola Tannenbaum , University Press of America
1999 The Tyranny of the Text: Lost Social Strategies in Current
Archaeology in the Classical Mediterranean, in Back from the Edge:
Archaeology in History, eds. P. Funari, M. Hall, and S. Jones, pp. 122-35, (Unwin
1998 Surviving the Collapse: The Oikos and Structural Continuity
between Late Bronze
Age and Later Greece. in Mediterranean Peoples in Transition: Thirteenth to
Early Tenth Centuries B.C.E., ed. S. Gitin, Hebrew University Press.
1997 Can We Move Forward? Comments on the Current Debate
Burnished Ware. Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 10: 223-28, (issue delayed
1997 An Archaeology of Democracy? in Democracy 2500?,
Questions and Challenges,
eds. I. Morris and K. Raaflaub, pp. 217-28, Archaeological Institute of America.
of Archaeologies: A Reply to Ian Morris. In Democracy 2500?,
Questions and Challenges, eds. I. Morris and K. Raaflaub, pp. 241-46,
Archaeological Institute of America.
1997 City State Dynamics through a Greek Lens, in The Archaeology
Cross-Cultural Approaches, eds. D. Nichols and T. Charlton, pp. 107-118.
1997 Introduction, in The Archaeology of Israel: Constructing
the Present, eds. N. Silberman and D. Small, pp. 1-31( co-written with N. Silberman)
Sheffield Academic Press.
1997 Group Identification and Ethnicity in the Construction
of the Early State
of Israel: from the Outside Looking In, in The Archaeology of Israel: Constructing
the Past/Interpreting the Present, eds. N. Silberman, D. Small, pp. 271-89, Sheffield
1995 Heterarchical Paths to Evolution: the Role of External
Economies in Heterarchy and
Social Formation, eds. C. Crumley and R. Ehrenreich, pp. 71-86, American
1995 Introduction: the Academic Context of Archaeology and
Texts, in Methods in the
Mediterranean: Historical and Archaeological Views on Texts and Archaeology,
ed. D. Small, pp. 1-22 , Brill Press.
Laws, and Analysis: Combining Archaeology and Texts in Ancient
Athens, in Methods in the Mediterranean: Historical and Archaeological Views on
Texts and Archaeology, ed. D. Small, pp. 143-76, Brill Press.
1994 A Different Distinction: The Case of Ancient
Greece. In E. Brumfiel (ed.).
The Economic Anthropology of the State. pp. 287-314, Society for Economic
Anthropology, Washington: University Press of America.
1992 Initial Study of the Structure of Women's Seclusion
in the Archaeological Past:
Structural Dynamics in Islamic Communities. In Gender in Archaeology,
eds. Dale Walde and Noreen Willows, Calgary, Alberta: Calgary University Press.
1990 Handmade Burnished Ware and Prehistoric Aegean Economics:
for Indigenous Appearance. Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 3:3-25.
1990 Architectural Phasing on Masada. Levant:
Annual of the British Schools of
Archaeology in Jerusalem and Amman 22:139-147.
1987 Toward a Competent Structuralist Archaeology:
A Contribution from Historical
Studies. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 6:105-121.
1987 Late Hellenistic Baths in Palestine: The Identification
of an Independent
Bathing Regime. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 226:59-74.
1987 Social Correlations to the Greek Cavea in the Roman
Period. In Roman
Architecture in the Greek World, Sarah Macready and F.H. Thompson (eds.), pp.
85-93. London: Society of Antiquaries.
1983 Studies in Roman Theater Design. American Journal of Archaeology 87:55-63.
1980 A Proposal for the Reuse of the Tower of the Winds.
American Journal of
nd. Review of J. Whitley, "Post-processual
and Cognitive Archaeology," American
1996 Review of Ray Laurence, "Roman Pompeii: Space and
Journal of Archaeology 100: 430.
1992 Review of Bruce Trigger, "A History of Archaeological
Journal of Archaeology, 96: 163-64.
1992 Review of Andrew Wallace-Hadrill, "Patronage
in Ancient Society." The
Classical World 85: 88.
1989 Review of A. M. Snodgrass, "An Archaeology
of Greece: The Present State
and Future Scope of a Discipline." The Classical World 82:328.
1989 Review of B. Ridgway et al., "Ancient Anatolia:
Aspects of Change and
Cultural Development." The Classical World 82:129-130.
1984 Review of E. Brödner, "Die Römischen
Thermen und Antiken Badewesen."
Journal of Roman Studies 74:225-226.
1983 Review of F. Sear, "Roman Architecture."
Journal of Roman Studies 73:223-224.
Professional Presentations and Invited Lectures
1999 In the Shadow of the Monuments: Reevaluating the Connection
Cemeteries and Historical Dimensions of Status and Sentiment, in "The
Space and Place of Death", Society for American Archaeology, annual
meetings in Chicago, organized by Helaine Silverman and David Small
1999 Discussant in symposium, "Who Rules? Multiple Sovereignty
Mainland Southeast Asia", organized by Nicola Tannenbaum,
annual meeting of the Association for Asian Studies, Boston.
1998 Variation in Catchment Extraction and its effect on Calculations
Populations and Economies, in "Approaches to Past Populations", American
Anthropological Association, annual meetings, organized by Glenn Storey
Combining the Two: Heterarchy and the Dual Processual Model in Evolutionary
Dynamics, in "No Longer in Whispers: Discussing Nonhierarchically
Centralized Concepts of Cultural Evolution", 63rd Annual Meeting of the
Society for American Archaeology, D. Small, organizer.
1997 The Issue of Archaeological Context and the Combination
of Texts and
Archaeological Data: towards better modeling, Paper delivered at
Chacmool Conference, Archaeology and Texts, University of Calgary, November 15.
1997 Invited Participation in Round table Conference
"Dog patch: Rubes, Hicks and
Hillbillies in the Ancient Near East" Pennsylvania State University, August 29-31.
1887 Mycenaean Polities: States or Estates?, in " Mycenaean
Interpretations on an Old Idea", 62nd Annual Meeting of the Society for
American Archaeology, B. Parkinson, M. Galaty, organizers.
1996 An Archaeological Emendation to Theory on Early
Regional Polities, in
"Shrive Yourself!: Archaeological Emendations to Social Theory", 61st
Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, D. Small and
B. Hesse, organizers.
1995 Texts and Contexts: the Contribution of Classical
Greek Archaeology and
Anthropology, in "The Relation between Text and Social Reality:
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Achaemenid Period. Annual Meeting
of the American Academy of Religion, the Society for Biblical Literature, and
the American Schools of Oriental Research, T. Eskenazi, organizer.
1995 Was it Such a Blow? Structural Transformation
in Late Bronze Age Greece,
in "Mediterranean Peoples in Transition: Thirteenth to Early Tenth Centuries
B.C.E.", Jerusalem, April 3-7, 1995
1994 The Tyranny of the Text: Lost Social Strategies
in the Classical Mediterranean
in New Approaches to Historical Archaeology, symposium at World Archaeological
Congress, New Delhi, India, December 3-11, 1994
1994 Ethnicity and State Creation: A Noncanonical Example
from Early Israel, in
The Archaeology of Ethnicity, Status and Class, symposium at World Archaeological
Congress, New Delhi, India, December 3-11, 1994
1994 The Question of Ethnicity in the Archaeology of
Early Israel, in The
Archaeology of Israel: Constructing the Past/Interpreting the Present, organizer, L.
Silberstein, Berman Center for Jewish Studies, Lehigh University, May 22-24.
1994 Parlor and Theater: Social Transformations
in Public and Private Negotiations
in Pompeii, in "New Approaches to the Built Environment" organizers:
J. Moore and D. Small, Society for American Archaeology, Annual Meetings
Disneyland Hotel, April 20-24
1993 Elite Economic Separation and the Development of
Heterarchy in State
Level Societies. Invited paper in symposium, "Heterarchy and the
Analysis of Complex Societies", organizers: Carole Crumley and Robert
Ehrenreich, 1993 meeting of the American Anthropological Association.
1993 An Archaeology of Democracy. Invited paper given
in symposium, "Issues in
Interpreting Democracy", organizer: Kurt Raaflaub, Hellenic Center,
1993 An Archaeology of Democracy. Invited paper given
in symposium, "Greek
Democracy at 2500: Issues and Questions for Future Research", joint
symposium by the Archaeological Institute of America and the American
Philological Society, Annual Meetings, Washington, D.C.
1992 Rereading Greek Democracy. Invited paper given
in symposium, "Small States,
Comparative Approaches", organized by Deborah Nichols and Thomas
Charlton, 1992 meetings of the American Anthropological Association.
1992 Incomplete Formations: A Comparison of the
Classical Greek and Maya.
Annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, April 10, Pittsburgh
1991 Hyperpolital Elite Identification and its Effect
on State Economics: The Case of
Ancient Athens. Poster/paper, Society for Economic Anthropology,
Bloomington, Indiana, April 4-5.
1990 Archaeology and National Identity: Jewish
Ethnicity and Israel's Past. Invited
lecture, Berman Center for Jewish Studies, Lehigh University, November 14.
1990 Contexts of Interaction and Structural Marxist Approaches
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for American
Archaeology, Las Vegas, Nevada, April 19-22.
1990 Bathing in Ancient Mediterranean Culture.
Invited lecture, Institute for
Humanities and the Archaeology Program, Montclair State College, New
Jersey, March 28.
1989 Is there an Archaeology of Democracy? Invited
lecture, Department of
Anthropology, Columbia University, April 29.
1988 The Interactional Dynamics of Greek Sanctuaries
and their Effect on Polis
Structure. Lecture, Department of Classical Archaeology, Cambridge
University, March 9.
1987 The Ideal Audience: Community Structuring
and Archaeological Implications.
Paper presented at Classics Colloquium on Theater and Society, Department of
Classics, University of Michigan, February 20.
1987 Classical Texts and Classical Archaeology:
An Integrative Approach. 89th
General Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America, New York, December
1986 Archaeology and Greek Community Structuring.
Invited lecture, Department of
Classics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, March 14.
1985 Where Does It Come From? An Approach to Determining
the Origin of
Architectural Attributes. Paper presented at the 87th General Meeting of the
Archaeological Institute of America, Washington, December 27-30.
1984 Bathing in the Ancient Roman East. Invited
lecture, Archaeological Institute of
America, Boston Society, February 11.
1984 Semiotics and Early Jewish Community Studies. Paper
presented at the
Albright Institute for Archaeological Research, Jerusalem, Israel, October.
1983 Baths in the Early Empire, the Palestinian View.
Paper presented at the 8th
General Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America, Cincinnati, Ohio,
1978 A Proposal for the Reuse of the Tower of the Winds.
Paper presented at the 80th
General Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America, Vancouver, Canada,
Other Professional Activities
CHAIRED/ORGANIZED CONFERENCE SESSIONS:
2000 Keynote Speaker: Taking the Next Steps: Constructing
Research Designs to
Evaluate Non-hierarchical Models of Past Complex Societies, in "Hierarchy and
Power in the History of Civilizations" The Center for Civilizational and Regional
Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Cultural
Anthropology of the Russian State University, Moscow, June 15-18, 2000.
1999 Co-organizer of symposium, "The Place and Space of Death",
with H. Silverman, Annual meetings of the Society for American
Archaeology, Chicago, March 1999.
1998 Organizer of symposium, "No Longer in Whispers: Discussing
Nonhierarchically Centralized Concepts of Cultural Evolution", Annual meetings of
the Society for American Archaeology, Seattle, March 1998.
1996 Co-organizer of Society for Economic Anthropology Annual
At the Interface: the Household and Beyond, organized with N. Tannenbaum,
Lehigh University, March 1996.
1996 Co-organizer of symposium, "Shrive Yourself!: Archaeological
Social Scientific Theory", organized with B. Hesse, Annual meetings of the
Society for American Archaeology, New Orleans, April 1996.
1994 Co-organizer of symposium, "New Approaches to the Built
organized with J. Moore, Annual meeting of Society for American
Archaeology, Disneyland Hotel, April 20-24.
1992 Organizer of symposium, "Small States: Cases of
Different Paradigms. Annual
meeting of Society for American Archaeology, Pittsburgh, April 10.
1989 Organizer and moderator of panel, "Archaeology and Classics:
sponsored jointly by the Archaeological Institute of America and the American
Philological Society, Boston, Massachusetts, Dec. 29.
1988 Organizer and moderator of panel, "Archaeology and Classics:
Classical Association of the Atlantic States, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, Sept. 25.
1988 Co-Director of archaeological colloquium, "Expansion and
Approaches to the Effects of Territorial Expansion in Complex Societies", in
conjunction with D. J. Bennet, University of Wisconsin, Madison. Colloquium held at
combined meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America, American Philological
Association, Society for Historical Archaeology, Conference on Underwater
Archaeology, and the American Schools of Oriental Research.
1986 Organizer of "Classical Archaeology Group" at University
of Michigan. Scholars
from Anthropology, Ancient History, Classical Archaeology, and Art History met
once a month to discuss readings of mutual interest.
SERVICE TO PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS:
Delegate-at-Large, Archaeological Institute of America
, 1990, 1997
Editorial Board. Near Eastern Archaeology (1999-
External Review Committee. Program in Archaeology.
Montclair State University
External Review Committee. Department of Anthropology. Kenyon College 1999
Books –Brill Press, Mayfield Press, American Schools of Oriental Research
Journal Articles – Current Anthropology, Journal of Archaeological
Theory, Near Eastern Archaeology
Research Proposals – National Science Foundation, National
Graduate Fellowships, National Endowment for the Humanities, Wenner-Gren
Current Research Activities
(With Brian Hesse, University of Alabama at Birmingham).
on Late Bronze Age Subsistence Crises in Greece. Currently seeking suitable
excavation site – summer 2000.
Fellow: American Anthropological Association
Society for Economic Anthropology
Society for American Archaeology
Archaeological Institute of America
American Schools of Oriental Research
Franz Fellowship for Junior Faculty. Lehigh University
NEH Fellowship at Albright Institute, Jerusalem, Israel (1984)
Dorot Fellowhsip at Albright Institute, Jerusalem, Israel (1984)
Research Associate. New York University. 1984
Overseas Research Support Scheme Grant (British Government award to
distinguished foreign research students) (1981-1983)
Department Chair (1997 - present)
Department Chair (Classical Studies) (1988)
Director, Program in Classical Studies (1989-1994)
Committee member, Environment and Society Program (1992 - present)
Arts and Sciences College Policy Committee (1993)
University Disciplinary Appeals Committee (1995 - 1998)
University Discipline Committee (1999 - present)