VolcanoWorld is an outstanding resource for any earth science classroom interested in learning about volcanoes. This Web site contains real-time volcano information including an interactive clickable map of active volcanoes world-wide and remote sensing satellite images. Topics covered at VolcanoWorld include how volcanoes work, submarine volcanoes, planetary volcanoes, career information on becoming a volcanologist, volcanic parks and monuments, and volcano exploration on the moon, Mars and Venus. It contains an area where students can post experiments. Teachers can also download a collection of interactive HyperStudio lessons on volcanoes.

North Carolina Geological Survey
The North Carolina Geological Survey Web site provides reports and maps based on the geology and mineral resources of the state. Many educational resources are also available for teachers and students under the heading Project Earth.

National Geophysical Data Center
The National Geophysical Data Center provides a variety of geophysical data, aerial maps, and information on a variety of topics. Land, marine, satellite, snow & ice, and solar-terrestial are just a few of the types of geophysical data available on this site. The site also contains links to other educational resources as well as downloadable materials for use in the classroom. There is also a news and features page providing the geophysical news of the month. A great resource for obtaining real-time data.

University of California Museum of Paleontology
Enter this site and visit the University of California's Museum of Paleontology online exhibits where one can learn about geologic time, diversity of life, evolution, and much more. This site also provides educational resources for grades K-12 including classroom activities and lessons, teacher resources, and student resources. Finally, explore the museum's other collections or take the subway to other resources based on natural history, phylogenetics, or paleontology.

USGS National Earthquake Information Center
The National Earthquake Information Center Web site contains an extensive amount of real-time earthquake data on different earthquake parameters as well as providing information concerning earthquake effects. The site also contains hazard maps as well as information on prediction and response. In addition, the site maintains a section for kids which includes links to image galleries, puzzles & games, earthquake facts, maps of recent earthquakes, and much more.

The GLACIER Web site provides information about Antarctica and how it contributes to our global system of weather, climate, oceans, and geology. This Web site mainly serves to introduce students and teachers to individuals who have launched expeditions and investigated the vast, frozen continent. Therefore, the site offers individuals the opportunity to receive news from the field and examine images in the photo gallery. A wealth of scientific information concerning how glaciers form, move, and change land can be found here.

The Virtual Cave
Browse the wonders of the underground right from your computer! This site contains images from caves all over the world and tells the story of caves in words and pictures. The exploration is split into four underground realms which include solution caves, sea caves, lava tube caves, and erosional caves.

Virtual Earthquake

Engage in virtual, interactive activities covering several different topics. For example, learn more about earthquakes by completing seismic activities. Learn about river processes like discharge, flooding, and flood frequency, or learn how geologists and archeologists determine the age of rocks through several virtual dating exercises.

NOAA National Severe Storms Laboratory

Visit the education section of this Web site and you will find that the page provides general information for kids, parents, and teachers. There are question and answer pages related to the topics of tornadoes, thunderstorms, lightning, and hurricanes. Lesson plans related to weather maps and symbols, and many other teacher and student resources are available.

Mineralogy Database
The Mineralogy Database contains thousands of individual mineral species descriptions with links and a comprehensive image library. Students can search for a particular mineral in the database by crystallography, X-ray powder diffraction, chemical composition, New Dana classification, Strunz classification, physical and optical properties, mineral specimen images, or by alphabetical listing. This site is a great resource for any earth science or geology classroom.

Geology Link
Geology link provides students with links to find the latest discoveries and news in the geo-community. The site also contains a virtual classroom and virtual field trip link allowing students to access geological courses and field trips from around the world. In addition, for those students who wish to learn about a particular geological topic in depth, this site links students to outside glossaries, information, class lectures, Web sites, and organizations.

TerraServer is a Web site which contains high resolution aerial imagery and topographic maps. Students can use this resource to locate imagery by clicking on an interactive map, entering a city or town name in the "Search TerraServer" form at the top of the page, or entering a U.S. street address.


The GLOBE Program

The GLOBE (Global learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment) Program is a world-wide network of students, teachers and scientists engaged in a tele-collaboration project to do meaningful real-life science. In the GLOBE Program, students make environmental observations and report their data findings on the Internet. Scientists use the students' data to formulate atmospheric models and provide feedback to the students. The measurements conducted by the students include air temperature, cloud observations, precipitation, surface water temperature and pH, soil moisture, biometrics, land cover assessment, and species identification. Students also share findings and communicate with other students using e-mail from the web site. GLOBE includes excellent descriptions of equipment and procedures for data acquisition and a user-friendly searchable data archive. The unique aspect of the GLOBE Program is that students are interactive partners with scientists.

Weather Underground: Tropical Weather

Weather Underground: Tropical is an excellent resource for teachers wishing to incorporate the study of tropical weather into their curriculum. This web site contains a variety of weather maps including satellite image maps, surface maps, and contour maps. This web site also provides information on past hurricanes.

Hurricane Tracking

Hurricane Tracking from the University of Maryland keeps you in touch with the latest data from the hurricane planes during storms.


Weather Online was developed by the Weather Network. This site is a good informational site for students to use for researching concepts related to weather or as supplementary material for a weather unit. The main areas of this site are Tropical Weather, Local Weather, Expert Weather, Weather Tools, Weather Q & A, and Weatherboy Online. The two areas that would be most informative for students are the Local Weather and the Weatherboy Online. The Local Weather allows students to get weather information for any area in the United States. The information includes 4-day forecasts, satellite images, precipitation, and radar images. Also, there is an area called Dr. Dewpoint, where questions can be answered. This area also incorporates math (algebra) concepts such as calculating wind chill or making temperature conversions. Weatherboy Online is another good place for students to visit. Weatherboy is an animated character that explains the how's and why's of weather.

Lowe's Storm 99 Hurricane Central

In addition to storm tracking, this site contains numerous photos and movies. There are also some Shockwave animations of tornadoes, lightning, and hurricanes. Finally, the site contains discussion forums and chat areas on many severe weather related topics.

Hurricane Hunters Home Page

The 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron, known as the Hurricane Hunters of the Air Force Reserve, is the only Department of Defense organization flying into tropical storms and hurricanes on a routine basis. Lots of cool pictures and neat information here. Contains information on careers related to severe weather.

SuperStorm '93

This project investigates key weather processes and phenomena associated with a potent winter storm. Good inquiry activity.

Online Guide to Meteorology

Online Guide to Meteorology is a website developed by the Covis group at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. This site was developed to be an interactive learning site for students. The following topics are included in modules, which explain the basic concepts of meteorology: TDP ARchives, Atmospheric Pressure, Atmospheric Optics, Cloud Catalogue, El Nino, Forces and Winds, Guides to Fronts, Hurricanes, Guide to Weather Maps, Land Sea Breezes-Lake Effect Snow, Severe Storm Spotters Guide, Severe Weather Outbreaks from April 19, 1996, Units for Elementary School Kids, and Other Instructional Resources. These modules provide an excellent area for students to research certain aspects of weather. These modules explain the basic concepts of weather and provide diagrams that will be helpful for students in understanding weather. This site also has project ideas and other resources that would be helpful to teachers in planning weather units. Some areas of this site are in the process of being updated, moved or still being developed and may be hard to access. Teachers need to preview this site before using it with the students, in order to be familiar with what areas are difficult to access. This will decrease the frustration students may have.

WRAL Online - WeatherCenter

This Raleigh, NC station provides weather information that would be useful for students in North Carolina and around the United States. It is also possible to chat with a meteorologist.


At CNN's weather Web site, students can find weather forecasts for across the US or across the world. Weather maps are also available for any area in the world. A storm center is also available for up-to-date information on current storms or to learn about past storms. Students can also find current news stories on any current major weather situations.

The Guide to Weather Maps and Images

This site is a part of the Online Guide to Meteorology Web site developed by the Covis group at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. A guide to reading weather maps is available here. It explains the meaning of symbols most often found on weather maps. A little exploring is necessary on this site to find all the information. The features covered are Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), Temperature conversions, Surface observation symbols, Surface Contours, and upper level observation symbols.

NC Stormtrack

This site allows students to track past hurricanes with given data. Also, weather maps, photos, videos, a storm guide, and current weathernews stories can be found here.

Wind and Sea - An Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences Internet Locator
This site is designed as a locator site meant to make Internet searching more efficient for the NOAA community, the academic community, other government agencies concerned with oceanic and atmospheric issues, and the general public. Presently the site has over 1,000 selected links to science and policy sites organized by topic and alphabetically within topic. All of these sites have been reviewed and annotated by NOAA Central Library and NOAA Regional Libraries staff.

El Niño Theme Page: Accessing Distributed Information Related to El Niño
The El Niņo site provides students and educators with vast amounts of information related to the phenomenon of El Niņo. Links to basic information can be found describing what El Niņo is, the impacts of El Niņo, the benefits of El Niņo prediction, and video clips of climate observation research cruises. The site also provides links to information regarding the latest information about El Niņo including real-time data, products and analyses.

NOVA On-line El Niño
This site enables teachers and students to learn more about the anatomy of El Niņo, allows teachers and students to chase El Niņo, and provides the opportunity to learn more about El Niņo 's far reaching effects across the globe. The site also provides a link to dispatch reports from a 1998 excursion by NOVA correspondent Mark Hoover.

NOAA's NHC Hurricane Andrew page
This site allows teachers and students to access the Hurricane Andrew Report from the National Hurricane Center updated December 10, 1993. The report contains synoptic history information, meteorological statistics, casualty and damage statistics, and a forecast and warning critique. The Web page also contains several storm images including radar, infared, and aerial photos.

NASA's Hurricane Movie Catalog
This site is a movie catalog containing movie clips of several different hurricanes including Hurricane Dennis (1999), Hurricane Mitch (1998), Hurricane Georges (1998), etc. The clips can be viewed using QuickTime on either a Mac or Windows machine.

CNN's Hurricane VRML
Teachers and students will enjoy finding out what makes a hurricane tick using CNN's Hurricane VRML (Virtual Reality Modeling Language) visualization. This VRML allows you to view the flows of wind that make up the engine of the hurricane, and travel into the eye of a hurricane. You can also learn about outflow, the eye, and feeder bands by clicking on hot spots.

NOAA's Tropical Prediction Center
This site is designed as and index of links allowing the user to visit such sites as the National Weather Service, NOAA Data and Climate Centers, GOMS Satellite Data Sites, and much more.

National Severe Storms Laboratory's Weather Room
This page provides general information for kids, parents, and teachers. One can learn the what, when, why, and how about tornadoes, thunderstorms, lightning, and hurricanes. Weather lessons are available on topics including weather symbols, weather maps, and weather systems. In addition, the Web page provides information on weather careers as well as links to other weather resources.

The Tornado Project Online
Tornado Project Online is a small company that gathers, compiles, and makes tornado information available in the form of tornado books, posters, and videos. This Web page can link you to many different sites containing tornado data, tornado myths, tornado oddities, personal experiences, tornado chasing, and tornado safety.

USA Today's Tornado Information
This USA Today Web page offers links to information on notable tornado outbreaks, information on recent tornadoes, general overviews of tornado history and statistics, reports on specific tornado events, and information on tornado forecasting.

Tornadoes - from the Why Files
This site is great for students looking to investigate more about tornadoes. The site begins by presenting students with a Twister Story and providing information on what tornadoes are and how they form. The adventure continues as students control the intensity of a tornado themselves through an interactive twister. Students then learn where a tornado's energy originates and what it can do to a home. Lastly, the journey ends as students are given instructions to make their own twister in a bottle.

WW2010 Hurricanes module
Fly through a 3-D hurricane! Afterwards, learn the different stages of development from depression to hurricane and then learn about the structure of different parts of a hurricane.

Midlatitude Cyclones scaffolding activity
The purpose of this activity is to introduce the characteristics of cyclones, the associated air masses and fronts, and finally how to locate the center of a cyclone from wind observations. Key words throughout this activity link directly to helper resources that provide useful information for answering the questions.

Weather - Annenberg/CPB Exhibits Collection
This site allows students to learn more about the forces that affect weather. Students can learn about the atmosphere, the water cycle, powerful storms, ice & snow, forecasting, and our changing climate.


Project Athena

Project Athena contains science curriculum lesson plans that use remote sensing data, QuickTime movies, and data sets containing current scientific information relating to oceans, the atmosphere, earth resources, and space/astronomy. These lesson plans are for teaching scientific concepts to students of all ages. This Web site serves as a good model for developing lessons plans using Internet science resources. The lesson plans at Project Athena include hands-on activities and projects to do in the classroom for a variety of science curricular topics. Examples include using drifter buoy data to learn how oceanographers measure the ocean currents using spreadsheets and graphs of data plots, describing and tracking actual hurricanes using QuickTime movies and satellite image maps, and comparing the weather in your city with "live cams" placed all over the country. Each of the lesson plans contains many topic-related resource links on the WWW.

Earth and Sky
Earth and Sky is the perfect Web site for both teachers and students. Teachers can use the site to find great warm-up activities, chat with scientists, read scientist profiles, teach students how to gaze at stars, and explore articles. Students can use the site to listen to radio programs, engage in activities, take fun science quizzes, and read interesting articles.

One Sky, Many Voices

One Sky, Many Voices is a project whose purpose is to created inquiry-based K-12 science curricula that utilize current technologies such as CD-ROM and the World Wide Web. Students, teachers, parents, and scientists can participate in several programs centered around environmental science themes. Projects currently appearing on the site include Kids as Global Scientists, BioKIDS, and Hurricanes.

NASA Earth Science Enterprise (ESE)

This site contains a wealth of information related to earth science concepts. Explore 40+ years of earth science, learn about what's happening in the earth science field today, access real-time data, view images, animations, and videos, read media and press releases, or engage in activities, puzzles, and games designed for fun and learning.

For Kids Only

This Web site allows kids to explore concepts related to earth science. Explore how people affect the Earth or learn how NASA studies land, water, air and natural hazards. Kids can also check out the image of the day or access fun Did you Know... science facts. Tons of activities await kids on each Web page.

Earth System Science Online

The goal of this site is to serve as a basin for Earth System Science education and research resources. Teachers can use this site as a starting point to locate reference materials related to earth science or use this site as a place to look for the latest earth science developments. Education resources exist for students at the undergraduate level, but links are also available at all learning levels.

NASA Classroom of the Future

The goal of this site is to develop curricular materials that improve mathematics, science, geography, and technology education in ways consistent with the national educational reform movement. The creators of this site are committed to helping teachers teach better and helping students learn more. Products on the site feature problem-based inquiry learning.

FEMA's Reference Library: Disaster & Emergencies

This site contains a wealth of disaster information including major disaster summary maps, articles on diaster supplies, and educational literature relating to disaster information.

USGS Water Science for Schools

Water Science for Schools Web site offers information on many aspects of water, along with pictures, data, maps, and an interactive center where you can give opinions and test your water knowledge. You can choose from an array of topics including Earth's water, water basics, water-use information, or water Q&A. The site also includes an activity center where you can answer challenge questions, give opinions, and participate in questionnaires concerning water issues. Lastly, the Special Topics section allows you to explore unique water topics such as acid rain, urbanization and the water system, ground water quality, pesticides in the water, and much more.

WW2010 El Niño Instructional Module

This Web site introduces El Niņo, conditions which are responsible for its occurrence, plus the impact it has on the rest of the world. The El Niņo instructional module has been organized into the following sections: Definition, '97 - 98 event, Upwelling, Non-El Niņo Years, El Niņo Events, Sea Surface Temperatures, Impacts on Weather, Economic Impacts, Detection and Prediction, and Acknowledgments.


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