Information Literacy Definition

"Characteristics of Excellence in Higher Education: Eligibility Requirements and Standards for Accreditation" (Middle States Standard 11) states:

Information literacy is an intellectual framework for identifying, finding, understanding, evaluating and using information. It includes determining the nature and extent of needed information; accessing information effectively and efficiently; evaluating critically information and its sources; incorporating selected information in the learner’s knowledge base and value system; using information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose; understanding the economic, legal and social issues surrounding the use of information and information technology; observing laws, regulations and institutional policies related to the access and use of information. Information literacy is vital to all disciplines and to effective teaching and learning in any institution. Institutions of higher education need to provide students and instructors with the knowledge, skills, and tools to obtain information in many formats and media in order to identify, retrieve and apply relevant and valid knowledge and information resources to their study, teaching, or research. (1)

Investigations into the best practices of Information Literacy programs have shown that some of the more effective programs are those that develop partnerships and cooperation between the faculty of an institution and the librarians. In fact, MSCHE [Middle States Commission on Higher Education] considers “collaboration between professional library staff and faculty in teaching and fostering information literacy skills relevant to the curriculum” a fundamental element characteristic of institutions in achieving Standard 11. (2)