International Materials Institute
for New Functionality in Glass

International Symposium on Functional Glasses: January 4-15, 2010
Reading List & Academic Preparation

We are expecting that all students will have an understanding of basic glass science. Recommended textbook: "Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses" by Arun Varshneya. Students are strongly encouraged to bring this book with them to the Winter School.
Contact Sarah Wing ( if you do not have access to a copy of this book for the Winter School.

Please check back frequently for information and updates on reading assignments in preparation for the Winter School. Assignments will be posted as they become available to us from the lecturers in date order (and not necessarily in presentation order at the Winter School).

Lecture 8 - January 8, 2010
Functional Glasses by Coatings or Thin Films, Xiujian Zhao
(posted 01.05.10)

Please read the following papers in preparation for my lecture:

1. X.J. Zhao, Q.N. Zhao, J.G. Yu and B.S. Liu, J Non-Cryst Solids, 354(12-13) 1424-1430 (2008)

2. Granqvist CG, Transparent conductors as solar energy materials: A panoramic review, SOLAR ENERGY MATERIALS AND SOLAR CELLS91 (17) 1529-1598, 2007.

3. J. Ni, X. Zhao, X. Zheng, J. Zhao, B. Liu, Acta Mater., 57(1) 278-285 (2009).

Lecture 14 - January 12, 2010
Optical microfibers and nanofibers: Fabrication, properties and applications, Limin Tong (posted 01.04.10)

The following papers will be used in my lecture:
1. Lectures to Nature Nature pdf >
2. Glass nanofibers for micro- and nano-scale photonic devices, JNCS0801 pdf >

Lecture 13 - January 12, 2010
Structure formation of rare-earth ions doped transparent glass ceramics-nucleation and crystallization of nanocrystals in glass matrix, Yuansheng Wang (posted 01.04.10)

The following papers will be used in my lecture:
1. Crystallization & spectroscopic properties, investigation of, Mats Research Bulletin pdf>
2. Nanocrystallization of lanthanide in an aluminosilicate glass matrix: dimorphism & rare earth partition, Crst Eng Comm pdf>

Lecture 12 - January 11, 2010
Femtosecond laser induced microstructures in glass, Jianrong Qiu
(posted 12.22.09)

Please read the following:

1. J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser-induced microstructures in glasses and applications in micro-optics”, The Chemical Records, 4(2004)50

2. R. Gattass & Eric Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials”, Nature Photonics 2, 219 - 225 (2008)

Lecture 2 - January 5, 2010
Electrochemical Applications of Glass: New Functionalities for a Greener Future, Steve Martin (posted 12.21.09)

The following is a bibliography of references in my lecture:

1. J. B. Goodenough and Y. Kim, "Challenges for Rechargeable Li Batteries", Chem. Mater (2009)ACS
2. P. Knauth,"Inorganic solid Li ion conductors: An overview," Solid State Ionics 180,(2009)911-916.
3. P. G. Bruce, "Energy storage beyond the horizon: Rechargeable lithium batteries," Solid State Ionics 179, (2008) 752 - 760.
4. C. Daniel, "Materials and processing for lithium-ion batteries," JOM 60, (2008) 43 - 48.
5. N. J. Dudney, "Thin film micro-batteries," Electrochem. Soc. Interface 17, (2008) 44 - 48.
6. A. Manthiram, A. V. Murugan, A. Sarkar, and T. Muraliganth,  "Nanostructured electrode materials for electrochemical energy storage and conversion," Energy Environ. Sci. 1, (2008) 621 - 638.
7. M. S. Whittingham, "Materials challenges facing electrical energy storage," MRS Bull. 33, (2008) 411 - 419.
8. A. Hayashi, "Preparation and characterization of glassy materials for all-solid-state lithium secondary batteries," J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, (2007) 110 - 117.
9. N. J. Dudney,"Glass and ceramic electrolytes for lithium and lithium-ion batteries," Lithium Batteries (2004) 623 - 642.
10. A. Manthiram,  "Materials aspects: an overview," Lithium Batteries (2004) 3 - 41.
11. W. Dieterich and P. Maass,  "Transport in disordered ionic conductors," Adv. Sci. Technol. (Faenza, Italy) 37, (2003) 159 - 170.
12. A. Pradel, N. Kuwata, and M. Ribes,  "Ion transport and structure in chalcogenide glasses," Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 15, (2003) S1561 - S1571.
13. P. Knauth and H. L. Tuller,  "Solid-state ionics: Roots, status, and future prospects," Journal of the American Ceramic Society 85, (2002) 1654 - 1680.

Lecture 9 - January 8, 2010
Sensitivity of Glass to Processing Conditions: Good or Bad?, Himanshu Jain
(posted 12.17.09)

1. Book "Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses" by Arun Varshneya
Read and understand Sections 2.1, 2.2, 2.4 and 13.7 of the textbook

2. Book "Amorphous Inorganic Materials and Glasses" by A. Felts.
Browse through pgs 9-37 (see attachment >)

Lecture 1 - January 5, 2010
Glass & Energy, Herve Arribart (updated & posted 12.17.09)

Reading Assignments:
please read up on "Basics on physics of metal and physics of semiconductors" (any Solid state physics textbook should contian this information)

Book "Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses" by Arun Varshneya
1. Chapter 17 Chemical durability (pg 463-476)
2. Chapter 19 Optical Properties (in particular the section dealing with colors)

Lecture 4 - January 6, 2010
Glass Structure Determination by Synchrotron Based Scattering & Spectroscopic Techniques, Sabyasachi Sen (posted 12.15.09)

Reading assignments:

1. G. Dalba, P. Fornasini, R. Grisenti, F. Rocca, X-ray absorption fine structure: characterization of thermal and structural disorder in non- crystalline solids, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volumes 345-346, 15 October 2004, Pages 7-15.

2. Henry E Fischer, Adrian C Barnes and Philip S Salmon, Neutron and x-ray diffraction studies of liquids and glasses, Reports on Progress in Physics, volume 69, p. 233 (2006).

3. G.N. Greaves and S. Sen, Advances in Physics,volume 56, p.1-166 (2007).

Lecture 6 - January 6, 2010
Preparation, Properties & Application of Chalcogenide Glasses, Guorong Chen
(posted 12.15.09)

Reading assignments:

1. J. S. Sanghera,I.D. Aggarwal, Active and passive chalcogenide glass optical ®bers for IR
applications: a review, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 1999, 256-257:1-16

2. Fang Xia, Xianghua Zhang, Jing Ren, et al., Glass Formation and Crystallization Behavior of a Novel GeS2–Sb2S3–PbS Chalcogenide Glass System, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 2006, 89(7):2154–2157

3. Laurent Calvez, Hong-Li Ma, Jacques Lucas, Xianghua Zhang, Selenium-Based Glasses and Glass Ceramics Transmitting Light from the Visible to the Far-IR, Adv. Mater.,2007,19:129–132

Lecture 7 - January 8, 2010
Glass Surfaces and Coatings for New Functionality, Carlo Pantano
(posted 12.15.09)

Reading assignments: (# 1 is for general background; # 2-4 are applications that we will discuss together at the Winter School)

1. Hydroxylation and Dehydroxylation Behavior of Silica Glass Fracture Surfaces, J Am Cer Soc >

2. Glass Slides to DNA Microarrays,  Materials Today >

3. Formation and Behavior of Layers on  Electron Emission Glasses, Appl Surface Anal >

4. Processing and Characterization of Ultrathin Carbon Coatings on Glass, AppMatls & Interfaces >

Lecture 10 - January 11, 2010
Why Does Glass Break? A Review of Recent Studies of the Strength & Fatigue of Silicate Glasses, Richard Brow (posted 12.15.09)

I will use these three papers (among others) in my presentation:

1. C.R. Kurkjian, P.K. Gupta, R.K. Brow, and N.P. Lower, “The intrinsic strength and fatigue of oxide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 316 114-124 (2003) >

2. S.W. Freiman, SM Wiederhorn, JJ Mecholsky, “environmentally enhanced fracture of glass: A historical perspective,” J. Am Ceram. Soc., 1371 (2009) >

3. T. Rouxel, “Elastic properties and short-to-medium-range order in glasses,”
J. Amer. Ceram. Soc., 90[10] 3019 (2007) >

I would like all participants to give three examples of technologies that would be improved if the practical strength of glass were 50 times greater, with brief (one paragraph) descriptions of why strength improvement would be significant.
Please submit these to me (Richard Brow) at before January 9, 2010

This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number DMR-0844014.
Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

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